Bối cảnh lịch sử tác động đến hành trình cứu nước của Hồ Chí Minh

<html> <head> <meta http-equiv='Content-Type' content='text/html; charset=utf-8'> <title> </title> </head> <div> <table width="100%" border="0"> <tbody> <tr> <td valign="top" style="text-align: center;"><a href="http://dangcongsan.vn/cpv/Modules/News/NewsDetail.aspx?co_id=30257&amp;cn_id=458733#" class="title_news">B&#7889i c&#7843nh l&#7883ch s&#7917 t&aacute;c &#273&#7897ng &#273&#7871n h&agrave;nh tr&igrave;nh c&#7913u n&#432&#7899c c&#7911a H&#7891 Ch&iacute; Minh </a></td> </tr> <tr> <td align="left" style="width: 100%;">&nbsp;</td> </tr> <tr> <td align="justify" class="textbody" style="width: 100%"> <div align="justify"><font size="2" face="Arial"><em><span style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: Arial">(&#272CSVN) -</span></em><span style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: Arial"> <strong>V&#7915a tr&ograve;n m&#7897t th&#7871 k&#7927, k&#7875 t&#7915 khi Nguy&#7877n T&#7845t Th&agrave;nh -<span>&nbsp; </span>Nguy&#7877n &Aacute;i Qu&#7889c v&agrave; sau n&agrave;y l&agrave;<span>&nbsp; </span>H&#7891 Ch&iacute; Minh r&#7901i b&#7871n c&#7843ng Nh&agrave; R&#7891ng, S&agrave;i G&ograve;n (nay l&agrave; th&agrave;nh ph&#7889 H&#7891 Ch&iacute; Minh) ra &#273i t&igrave;m &#273&#432&#7901ng c&#7913u n&#432&#7899c (5/6/1911 - 5/6/2011). &#272&#7889i v&#7899i Nguy&#7877n T&#7845t Th&agrave;nh, &#273&acirc;y kh&ocirc;ng ph&#7843i l&agrave; quy&#7871t &#273&#7883nh gi&#7843n &#273&#417n, t&igrave;nh c&#7901, m&agrave; l&agrave; k&#7871t qu&#7843 t&#7893ng h&#7907p c&#7911a m&#7897t qu&aacute; tr&igrave;nh ph&acirc;n t&iacute;ch, l&yacute; gi&#7843i khoa h&#7885c nh&#7919ng nh&acirc;n t&#7889 thu&#7853n -ngh&#7883ch c&#7911a b&#7889i c&#7843nh trong n&#432&#7899c v&agrave; th&#7871 gi&#7899i t&aacute;c &#273&#7897ng &#273&#7871n cu&#7897c &#273&#7845u tranh gi&agrave;nh &#273&#7897c l&#7853p d&acirc;n t&#7897c, &#273&#7875 l&#7921a ch&#7885n &#273&uacute;ng h&#432&#7899ng &#273i v&agrave; x&aacute;c &#273&#7883nh con &#273&#432&#7901ng c&#7913u n&#432&#7899c th&agrave;nh c&ocirc;ng.</strong></span></font></div> <p align="justify" style="MARGIN: 12pt 0in; TEXT-ALIGN: justify" class="MsoNormal"><font size="2" face="Arial"><strong><span style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: Arial">1.</span></strong><span style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: Arial"> &#272&#7889i v&#7899i ti&#7871n tr&igrave;nh gi&#7843i ph&oacute;ng d&acirc;n t&#7897c, &#273&acirc;y l&agrave; s&#7921 ki&#7879n mang n&#7897i dung c&aacute;ch m&#7841ng<span>&nbsp; </span>v&agrave; &yacute; ngh&#297a l&#7883ch s&#7917 l&#7899n lao. B&#7903i l&#7869, s&#7921 ki&#7879n l&#7883ch s&#7917 n&agrave;y v&#7915a l&agrave; m&#7889c k&#7871t th&uacute;c m&#7897t qu&aacute; tr&igrave;nh t&#7893ng h&#7907p nh&#7919ng y&#7871u t&#7889 ch&#7911 quan v&agrave; kh&aacute;ch quan c&#7911a b&#7889i c&#7843nh l&#7883ch s&#7917, v&#7915a l&agrave; b&#432&#7899c kh&#7903i &#273&#7847u h&agrave;nh tr&igrave;nh c&#7913u n&#432&#7899c c&#7911a H&#7891 Ch&iacute; Minh h&#7891i &#273&#7847u th&#7871 k&#7927 XX. V&igrave; v&#7853y, &yacute; ngh&#297a v&agrave; t&#7847m v&oacute;c l&#7899n lao c&#7911a n&oacute; m&atilde;i m&atilde;i &#273&#432&#7907c ghi nh&#7853n v&agrave; ph&aacute;t huy trong su&#7889t h&agrave;nh tr&igrave;nh c&#7913u n&#432&#7899c c&#7911a Ng&#432&#7901i tr&#432&#7899c &#273&acirc;y v&agrave; tr&ecirc;n con &#273&#432&#7901ng &#273&#7893i m&#7899i &#273&#7845t n&#432&#7899c hi&#7879n nay. </span></font></p> <p align="justify" style="MARGIN: 12pt 0in; TEXT-ALIGN: justify" class="MsoNormal">&nbsp;</p> <p align="justify" style="MARGIN: 12pt 0in; TEXT-ALIGN: justify" class="MsoNormal"><font size="2" face="Arial"><span style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: Arial"> </span></font></p> <table cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0" align="center"> <tbody> <tr align="center"> <td>&nbsp;<img src="http://www.dangcongsan.vn/cpv/Upload/News/2011/5/avatar.aspnaqx.jpeg" style="BORDER-RIGHT: silver 1px solid; BORDER-TOP: silver 1px solid; BORDER-LEFT: silver 1px solid; WIDTH: 400px; BORDER-BOTTOM: silver 1px solid" id="ctl00_ContentPlaceHolder1_Uctrl_C_News_Edit1_imgIMAGE_DISPLAY" alt="" /></td> </tr> <tr> <td> <p align="center">&nbsp;<font size="2" color="#0000ff"><span class="c2"><span><em>Nguy&#7877n &Aacute;i Qu&#7889c t&#7841i &#272&#7841i h&#7897i l&#7847n th&#7913 XVIII c&#7911a <br /> &#272&#7843ng X&atilde; h&#7897i Ph&aacute;p &#7903 Tua, th&aacute;ng 12/1920&nbsp;(&#7843nh t&#432 li&#7879u)</em></span></span></font></p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <font size="2" face="Arial"><br /> Tr&#432&#7899c h&#7871t, c&#7847n hi&#7875u r&otilde; kh&aacute;i ni&#7879m &quot;t&aacute;c &#273&#7897ng c&#7911a b&#7889i c&#7843nh l&#7883ch s&#7917&quot; l&agrave; g&igrave;? Theo ch&uacute;ng t&ocirc;i<em>: M&#7897t l&agrave;</em>, Kh&ocirc;ng ph&#7843i to&agrave;n b&#7897 b&#7889i c&#7843nh l&#7883ch s&#7917 (trong n&#432&#7899c v&agrave; th&#7871 gi&#7899i) &#273&#7873u t&aacute;c &#273&#7897ng &#273&#7871n h&agrave;nh tr&igrave;nh c&#7913u n&#432&#7899c c&#7911a H&#7891 Ch&iacute; Minh. Do &#273&oacute;, b&agrave;i vi&#7871t n&agrave;y s&#7869 kh&ocirc;ng nghi&ecirc;n c&#7913u to&agrave;n b&#7897 b&#7889i c&#7843nh cu&#7897c h&agrave;nh tr&igrave;nh, m&agrave; ch&#7881 &#273i s&acirc;u nghi&ecirc;n c&#7913u nh&#7919ng s&#7921 ki&#7879n l&#7883ch s&#7917 &#273&#432&#7907c Ng&#432&#7901i bi&#7871t &#273&#7871n v&agrave;<span>&nbsp; </span>g&acirc;y t&aacute;c &#273&#7897ng &#273&#7871n qu&aacute; tr&igrave;nh h&igrave;nh th&agrave;nh con &#273&#432&#7901ng c&#7913u n&#432&#7899c c&#7911a Ng&#432&#7901i. <em>Hai l&agrave;</em>, b&#7889i c&#7843nh kh&ocirc;ng ph&#7843i l&agrave; b&#7913c tranh b&#7845t &#273&#7897ng m&agrave; n&oacute; th&#432&#7901ng xuy&ecirc;n thay &#273&#7893i v&agrave; g&acirc;y &#7843nh h&#432&#7903ng &#273&#7871n xu th&#7871 ph&aacute;t tri&#7875n, ho&#7841t &#273&#7897ng c&#7911a m&#7895i t&#7893 ch&#7913c, con ng&#432&#7901i. V&igrave; v&#7853y, b&#7889i c&#7843nh l&#7883ch s&#7917 t&aacute;c &#273&#7897ng &#273&#7871n h&agrave;nh tr&igrave;nh c&#7913u n&#432&#7899c c&#7911a H&#7891 Ch&iacute; Minh bao g&#7891m nh&#7919ng s&#7921 ki&#7879n l&#7883ch s&#7917 m&agrave; Ng&#432&#7901i nh&#7853n th&#7913c, m&agrave; tr&#432&#7899c h&#7871t ph&#7843i k&#7875 &#273&#7871n nh&#7919ng s&#7921 ki&#7879n mang &yacute; ngh&#297a th&#7901i &#273&#7841i, g&#7855n li&#7873n v&#7899i cu&#7897c &#273&#7845u tranh gi&#7843i ph&oacute;ng d&acirc;n t&#7897c Vi&#7879t Nam...</font> <p align="justify" style="MARGIN: 12pt 0in; TEXT-ALIGN: justify" class="MsoNormal"><font size="2" face="Arial"><span style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: Arial">&#272i&#7875m kh&#7903i &#273&#7847u h&agrave;nh tr&igrave;nh c&#7913u n&#432&#7899c c&#7911a H&#7891 Ch&iacute; Minh l&agrave; s&#7921 ki&#7879n<span>&nbsp; </span>ng&agrave;y 5 th&aacute;ng 6 n&#259m 1911. Ti&#7871p &#273&oacute; l&agrave; qu&aacute; tr&igrave;nh v&#7915a lao &#273&#7897ng, v&#7915a<span>&nbsp; </span>h&#7885c t&#7853p l&yacute; lu&#7853n v&agrave; ho&#7841t &#273&#7897ng th&#7921c ti&#7877n &#273&#7875 t&igrave;m ra con &#273&#432&#7901ng gi&#7843i ph&oacute;ng d&acirc;n t&#7897c th&agrave;nh c&ocirc;ng. &#272&oacute; l&agrave; nh&#7919ng n&#259m th&aacute;ng b&ocirc;n ba &#273&#7847y kh&oacute; kh&#259n c&#7911a Nguy&#7877n &Aacute;i Qu&#7889c - H&#7891 Ch&iacute; Minh &#7903 nhi&#7873u qu&#7889c gia, ch&acirc;u l&#7909c. V&igrave; v&#7853y, nghi&ecirc;n c&#7913u t&aacute;c &#273&#7897ng c&#7911a b&#7889i c&#7843nh l&#7883ch s&#7917 &#273&#7871n h&agrave;nh tr&igrave;nh c&#7913u n&#432&#7899c c&#7911a<span>&nbsp; </span>H&#7891 Ch&iacute; Minh kh&ocirc;ng ch&#7881 l&agrave;&nbsp;nghi&ecirc;n c&#7913u nh&#7919ng nh&acirc;n t&#7889 h&igrave;nh th&agrave;nh quy&#7871t t&acirc;m v&agrave; h&#432&#7899ng &#273i m&agrave; c&ograve;n nghi&ecirc;n c&#7913u l&agrave;m r&otilde; h&agrave;ng lo&#7841t y&#7871u t&#7889 m&#7899i Ng&#432&#7901i &quot;b&#7855t g&#7863p&quot;- nh&#7853n th&#7913c trong qu&aacute; tr&igrave;nh h&igrave;nh th&agrave;nh &#273&#432&#7901ng l&#7889i c&#7913u n&#432&#7899c c&#7911a m&igrave;nh. </span></font></p> <p align="justify" style="MARGIN: 12pt 0in; TEXT-ALIGN: justify" class="MsoNormal"><font size="2" face="Arial"><span style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: Arial">V&igrave; v&#7853y, &#7903 &#273&acirc;y kh&ocirc;ng c&#7847n thi&#7871t ph&#7843i th&#7889ng k&ecirc; &#273&#7847y &#273&#7911 t&igrave;nh h&igrave;nh trong n&#432&#7899c v&agrave; th&#7871 gi&#7899i, c&#361ng kh&ocirc;ng ph&#7843i m&ocirc; t&#7843 k&#7929 l&#432&#7905ng nh&#7919ng s&#7921 ki&#7879n l&#7883ch s&#7917 &#273&atilde; di&#7877n ra v&igrave; &#273&oacute; l&agrave; b&#7889i c&#7843nh chung m&agrave; b&#7845t k&#7923 con ng&#432&#7901i &#273&#432&#417ng th&#7901i n&agrave;o &#273&#7873u s&#7889ng trong &#273&oacute;, d&ugrave; h&#7885 c&oacute; nh&#7853n th&#7913c &#273&#432&#7907c &quot;b&#7889i c&#7843nh&quot; &#7845y hay kh&ocirc;ng. </span></font></p> <p align="justify" style="MARGIN: 12pt 0in; TEXT-ALIGN: justify" class="MsoNormal"><font size="2" face="Arial"><span style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: Arial">V&#7853y b&#7889i c&#7843nh l&#7883ch s&#7917 t&aacute;c &#273&#7897ng &#273&#7871n s&#7921 h&igrave;nh th&agrave;nh quy&#7871t t&acirc;m v&agrave; h&#432&#7899ng xu&#7845t d&#432&#417ng t&igrave;m &#273&#432&#7901ng c&#7913u n&#432&#7899c c&#7911a H&#7891 Ch&iacute; Minh l&agrave; g&igrave; ?</span></font></p> <p align="justify" style="MARGIN: 12pt 0in; TEXT-ALIGN: justify" class="MsoNormal"><font size="2" face="Arial"><strong><span style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: Arial">2.</span></strong><span style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: Arial"> Cu&#7889i th&#7871 k&#7927 XIX, s&#7921 ki&#7879n l&#7883ch s&#7917 t&aacute;c &#273&#7897ng m&#7841nh m&#7869 &#273&#7871n t&igrave;nh h&igrave;nh ch&iacute;nh tr&#7883, kinh t&#7871, x&atilde; h&#7897i Vi&#7879t Nam; l&agrave;m thay &#273&#7893i k&#7871t c&#7845u giai c&#7845p, &#7843nh h&#432&#7903ng nhi&#7873u &#273&#7871n<span>&nbsp; </span>cu&#7897c s&#7889ng m&#7885i ng&#432&#7901i d&acirc;n (trong &#273&oacute; c&oacute; h&#7885 h&agrave;ng, gia &#273&igrave;nh v&agrave; b&#7843n th&acirc;n H&#7891 Ch&iacute; Minh) l&agrave; th&#7921c d&acirc;n Ph&aacute;p x&acirc;m l&#432&#7907c Vi&#7879t Nam. Sau th&#7901i k&#7923 &quot;b&igrave;nh &#273&#7883nh&quot;, th&#7921c d&acirc;n Ph&aacute;p thi h&agrave;nh ch&iacute;nh s&aacute;ch &quot;khai th&aacute;c thu&#7897c &#273&#7883a&quot; - th&#7921c ch&#7845t l&agrave; t&#259ng c&#432&#7901ng b&oacute;c l&#7897t, v&#417 v&eacute;t thu&#7897c &#273&#7883a. V&igrave; v&#7853y, &#273&#7901i s&#7889ng nh&acirc;n d&acirc;n lao &#273&#7897ng &#273&atilde; kh&oacute; kh&#259n, c&agrave;ng th&ecirc;m kh&#7889n &#273&#7889n. H&#7853u qu&#7843 l&agrave; Vi&#7879t Nam t&#7915 m&#7897t n&#432&#7899c phong ki&#7871n &#273&#7897c l&#7853p tr&#7903 th&agrave;nh n&#432&#7899c thu&#7897c &#273&#7883a n&#7917a phong ki&#7871n.</span></font></p> <p align="justify" style="MARGIN: 12pt 0in; TEXT-ALIGN: justify" class="MsoNormal"><font size="2" face="Arial"><span style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: Arial">Sang &#273&#7847u th&#7871 k&#7927 XX, &#273&#7901i s&#7889ng c&aacute;c t&#7847ng l&#7899p nh&acirc;n d&acirc;n c&agrave;ng b&#7883 b&#7847n c&ugrave;ng ho&aacute;. M&acirc;u thu&#7851n gi&#7919a to&agrave;n th&#7875 nh&acirc;n d&acirc;n Vi&#7879t Nam v&#7899i th&#7921c d&acirc;n Ph&aacute;p x&acirc;m l&#432&#7907c v&agrave; ch&#7871 &#273&#7897 thu&#7897c &#273&#7883a ng&agrave;y m&#7897t gay g&#7855t, tr&#7903 th&agrave;nh m&acirc;u thu&#7851n v&#7915a c&#417 b&#7843n, v&#7915a ch&#7911 y&#7871u. B&ecirc;n c&#7841nh &#273&oacute;, m&acirc;u thu&#7851n gi&#7919a n&ocirc;ng d&acirc;n v&agrave; &#273&#7883a ch&#7911 c&agrave;ng gay g&#7855t. &#272&acirc;y l&agrave; tr&#7903 l&#7921c l&#7899n, k&igrave;m h&atilde;m s&#7921 ph&aacute;t tri&#7875n c&#7911a x&atilde; h&#7897i Vi&#7879t Nam.</span></font></p> <p align="justify" style="MARGIN: 12pt 0in; TEXT-ALIGN: justify" class="MsoNormal"><font size="2" face="Arial"><span style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: Arial">V&igrave; v&#7853y, ch&#7881 c&oacute; gi&#7843i quy&#7871t th&agrave;nh c&ocirc;ng nh&#7919ng m&acirc;u thu&#7851n tr&ecirc;n &#273&acirc;y -<span>&nbsp; </span>&#273&#7891ng ngh&#297a v&#7899i vi&#7879c t&igrave;m ra con &#273&#432&#7901ng c&#7913u n&#432&#7899c, gi&agrave;nh l&#7841i &#273&#7897c l&#7853p d&acirc;n t&#7897c th&igrave; x&atilde; h&#7897i Vi&#7879t Nam m&#7899i ti&#7871p t&#7909c ph&aacute;t tri&#7875n. &#272&oacute; l&agrave; &#273&ograve;i h&#7887i kh&aacute;ch quan, c&#7845p b&aacute;ch c&#7911a c&aacute;ch m&#7841ng Vi&#7879t Nam t&#7915 &#273&#7847u th&#7871 k&#7927 XX.</span></font></p> <p align="justify" style="MARGIN: 12pt 0in; TEXT-ALIGN: justify" class="MsoNormal"><font size="2" face="Arial"><span style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: Arial">&#272&#7875 gi&#7843i quy&#7871t m&acirc;u thu&#7851n tr&ecirc;n, nhi&#7873u phong tr&agrave;o &#273&#7845u tranh di&#7877n ra s&ocirc;i n&#7893i v&#7899i m&#7909c ti&ecirc;u &quot;<em>Phen n&agrave;y quy&#7871t ch&#7889ng c&#7843 Tri&#7873u l&#7851n T&acirc;y</em>&quot;. &#272&oacute; l&agrave; phong tr&agrave;o &#272&ocirc;ng Du, &#272&ocirc;ng Kinh ngh&#297a th&#7909c... do c&aacute;c s&#7929 phu y&ecirc;u n&#432&#7899c ch&#7883u &#7843nh h&#432&#7903ng c&#7911a t&#432 t&#432&#7903ng d&acirc;n ch&#7911 t&#432 s&#7843n nh&#432: Phan B&#7897i Ch&acirc;u, Phan Chu Trinh l&atilde;nh &#273&#7841o hay kh&#7903i ngh&#297a Y&ecirc;n B&aacute;i c&#7911a Vi&#7879t Nam Qu&#7889c D&acirc;n &#273&#7843ng d&#432&#7899i s&#7921 l&atilde;nh &#273&#7841o c&#7911a Nguy&#7877n Th&aacute;i H&#7885c, Ph&#7841m Tu&#7845n T&agrave;i...r&#7891i kh&#7903i ngh&#297a n&ocirc;ng d&acirc;n Y&ecirc;n Th&#7871 d&#432&#7899i s&#7921 l&atilde;nh &#273&#7841o c&#7911a Ho&agrave;ng Hoa Th&aacute;m k&eacute;o d&agrave;i h&#417n 30 n&#259m... &#272&oacute; l&agrave; trang s&#7917 &#273&#7845u tranh v&#7867 vang c&#7911a d&acirc;n t&#7897c tr&ecirc;n con &#273&#432&#7901ng &#273&#7845u tranh gi&agrave;nh &#273&#7897c l&#7853p. M&#7863c d&ugrave; di&#7877n ra s&ocirc;i n&#7893i, r&#7897ng kh&#7855p c&aacute;c v&ugrave;ng mi&#7873n, nh&#432ng t&#7845t c&#7843 c&aacute;c cu&#7897c &#273&#7845u tranh cu&#7889i c&ugrave;ng &#273&#7873u th&#7845t b&#7841i. B&#7889i c&#7843nh l&#7883ch s&#7917 n&agrave;y, sau n&agrave;y, H&#7891 Ch&iacute; Minh vi&#7871t trong b&agrave;i <em>Con &#273&#432&#7901ng c&#7913u n&#432&#7899c v&agrave; gi&#7843i ph&oacute;ng d&acirc;n t&#7897c trong th&#7901i &#273&#7841i ng&agrave;y nay: </em>&quot;<em>Trong su&#7889t g&#7847n m&#7897t th&#7871 k&#7927 th&#7889ng tr&#7883 c&#7911a th&#7921c d&acirc;n Ph&aacute;p, phong tr&agrave;o c&aacute;ch m&#7841ng gi&#7843i ph&oacute;ng d&acirc;n t&#7897c &#7903 Vi&#7879t Nam kh&ocirc;ng ng&#7915ng ph&aacute;t tri&#7875n, k&#7867 tr&#432&#7899c ng&atilde;, ng&#432&#7901i sau &#273&#7913ng d&#7853y. Nh&#432ng t&#7845t c&#7843 nh&#7919ng cu&#7897c kh&#7903i ngh&#297a y&ecirc;u n&#432&#7899c &#7845y &#273&atilde; b&#7883 d&igrave;m trong m&aacute;u. Nh&#7919ng &#273&aacute;m m&acirc;y &#273en l&#7841i bao ph&#7911 &#273&#7845t n&#432&#7899c Vi&#7879t Nam&quot;</em><a name="_ftnref1" href="http://dangcongsan.vn/cpv/Modules/News/NewsDetail.aspx?co_id=30257&amp;cn_id=458733#_ftn1" title=""><sup><span><sup><span style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: Arial">[1]</span></sup></span></sup></a></span></font></p> <p align="justify" style="MARGIN: 12pt 0in; TEXT-ALIGN: justify" class="MsoNormal"><font size="2" face="Arial"><span style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: Arial">Th&#7921c t&#7871 th&#7845t b&#7841i c&#7911a l&#7899p cha &ocirc;ng &#273&atilde; ch&#7881 ra r&#7857ng: s&#7921 b&#7845t l&#7921c c&#7911a h&#7879 t&#432 t&#432&#7903ng phong ki&#7871n v&agrave; h&#7879 t&#432 t&#432&#7903ng t&#432 s&#7843n tr&#432&#7899c nhi&#7879m v&#7909 l&#7883ch s&#7917 &#273&#7863t ra l&agrave; l&atilde;nh &#273&#7841o to&agrave;n d&acirc;n ch&#7889ng Ph&aacute;p, gi&agrave;nh l&#7841i &#273&#7897c l&#7853p d&acirc;n t&#7897c. C&aacute;ch m&#7841ng Vi&#7879t Nam kh&#7911ng ho&#7843ng v&#7873 &#273&#432&#7901ng l&#7889i, t&#7913c l&agrave; thi&#7871u h&#7879 th&#7889ng l&yacute; lu&#7853n c&aacute;ch m&#7841ng ti&ecirc;n ti&#7871n c&#7911a giai c&#7845p c&ocirc;ng nh&acirc;n c&oacute; kh&#7843 n&#259ng d&#7851n d&#7855t cu&#7897c &#273&#7845u tranh gi&#7843i ph&oacute;ng d&acirc;n t&#7897c Vi&#7879t Nam th&agrave;nh c&ocirc;ng. C&acirc;u h&#7887i c&#7911a &quot;b&agrave;i to&aacute;n th&#7871 k&#7927&quot; &#273&#7863t ra cho d&acirc;n t&#7897c ta: <em>Ai l&agrave; ng&#432&#7901i l&atilde;nh &#273&#7841o th&agrave;nh c&ocirc;ng nhi&#7879m v&#7909 gi&#7843i ph&oacute;ng d&acirc;n t&#7897c &#7903 Vi&#7879t Nam ?<span>&nbsp; </span></em>&#273&#7871n l&uacute;c n&agrave;y v&#7851n ch&#432a c&oacute; l&#7901i gi&#7843i. </span></font></p> <p align="justify" style="MARGIN: 12pt 0in; TEXT-ALIGN: justify" class="MsoNormal"><font size="2" face="Arial"><span style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: Arial">B&#7889i c&#7843nh tr&ecirc;n &#273&acirc;y, sau n&agrave;y &#273&#432&#7907c H&#7891 Ch&iacute; Minh n&oacute;i r&otilde; khi tr&#7843 l&#7901i nh&agrave; v&#259n M&#7929<span>&nbsp; </span>Anna Luy Xt&#417r&ocirc;ng: &quot;<em>Nh&acirc;n d&acirc;n Vi&#7879t Nam trong &#273&oacute; c&oacute; &ocirc;ng c&#7909 th&acirc;n sinh ra t&ocirc;i, l&uacute;c n&agrave;y th&#432&#7901ng t&#7921 h&#7887i nhau ai s&#7869 l&agrave; ng&#432&#7901i gi&uacute;p m&igrave;nh tho&aacute;t kh&#7887i &aacute;ch th&#7889ng tr&#7883 c&#7911a Ph&aacute;p. Ng&#432&#7901i n&agrave;y ngh&#297 l&agrave; Nh&#7853t, ng&#432&#7901i kh&aacute;c l&#7841i ngh&#297 l&agrave; Anh, c&oacute; ng&#432&#7901i l&#7841i cho l&agrave;</em> <em>M&#7929</em>&quot;<a name="_ftnref2" href="http://dangcongsan.vn/cpv/Modules/News/NewsDetail.aspx?co_id=30257&amp;cn_id=458733#_ftn2" title=""><sup><span><sup><span style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: Arial">[2]</span></sup></span></sup></a><em>!?</em></span></font></p> <p align="justify" style="MARGIN: 12pt 0in; TEXT-ALIGN: justify" class="MsoNormal"><font size="2" face="Arial"><span style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: Arial">Xu&#7845t th&acirc;n t&#7915 gia &#273&igrave;nh tr&iacute; th&#7913c phong ki&#7871n c&oacute; truy&#7873n th&#7889ng y&ecirc;u n&#432&#7899c, tr&#7885ng ngh&#297a, H&#7891 Ch&iacute; Minh s&#7899m mang trong m&igrave;nh l&ograve;ng y&ecirc;u n&#432&#7899c, th&#432&#417ng d&acirc;n. Tu&#7893i h&#7885c &#273&#432&#7901ng c&#7911a Ng&#432&#7901i g&#7855n b&oacute; v&#7899i nh&#7919ng n&#259m th&aacute;ng quan tr&#432&#7901ng ng&#7855n ng&#7911i &#273&#7847y tr&#7855c tr&#7903 c&#7911a ng&#432&#7901i cha Nguy&#7877n Sinh Huy. Ng&#432&#7901i &#273&atilde; theo cha &#273&#7871n c&#7843 ba mi&#7873n &#273&#7845t n&#432&#7899c, bi&#7871t &#273&#432&#7907c cu&#7897c s&#7889ng kh&oacute; kh&#259n c&#7911a ng&#432&#7901i d&acirc;n m&#7845t n&#432&#7899c d&ugrave; h&#7885 &#7903<span>&nbsp; </span>x&#7913 B&#7855c K&#7923, Trung K&#7923 &quot;b&#7843o h&#7897&quot; hay Nam K&#7923 &quot;thu&#7897c &#273&#7883a&quot;. Ng&#432&#7901i c&oacute; th&#7901i gian s&#7889ng &#7903 Hu&#7871. &#272&oacute; l&agrave; &#273i&#7873u ki&#7879n &#273&#7875 Ng&#432&#7901i t&igrave;m hi&#7875u, l&agrave;m quen v&#7899i cu&#7897c s&#7889ng quan ch&#7913c, Ho&agrave;ng tri&#7873u. Tuy nhi&ecirc;n, th&#7921c t&#7871 &#7845y &#273&atilde;<span>&nbsp; </span>l&agrave;m cho Ng&#432&#7901i th&#7845y r&otilde; h&#417n cu&#7897c s&#7889ng ph&#7909 thu&#7897c, th&#7845p h&egrave;n c&#7911a gi&#7899i quan ch&#7913c, tay sai. T&#7915 nh&#7919ng tr&#7843i nghi&#7879m &#273&#7847u &#273&#7901i c&#7911a m&igrave;nh v&agrave; cu&#7897c s&#7889ng l&#7853n &#273&#7853n, tr&#7855c tr&#7903 c&#7911a ng&#432&#7901i cha, H&#7891 Ch&iacute; Minh c&agrave;ng th&#7845u hi&#7875u &yacute; ngh&#297a th&#7921c t&#7871 c&#7911a c&acirc;u chuy&#7879n cha m&igrave;nh th&#432&#7901ng b&igrave;nh gi&#7843i &quot;<em>Quan tr&#432&#7901ng th&#7883 n&ocirc; l&#7879, trung</em> <em>chi n&ocirc; l&#7879, h&#7921u n&ocirc; l&#7879</em>&quot;. Cho n&ecirc;n, &#273&#7847u n&#259m 1910, sau khi &ocirc;ng Nguy&#7877n Sinh Huy b&#7883 b&atilde;i ch&#7913c th&igrave; &ocirc;ng v&agrave;o Nam K&#7923 h&agrave;nh ngh&#7873 b&#7889c thu&#7889c tr&#7883 b&#7879nh c&#7913u ng&#432&#7901i, c&ograve;n H&#7891 Ch&iacute; Minh th&igrave; th&#7845y r&otilde; h&#417n s&#7921 th&#7889i n&aacute;t c&#7911a ch&#7871 &#273&#7897 quan tr&#432&#7901ng. &#272i&#7873u n&agrave;y c&agrave;ng th&ocirc;i th&uacute;c Ng&#432&#7901i quy&#7871t t&acirc;m ra &#273i t&igrave;m &#273&#432&#7901ng c&#7913u n&#432&#7899c. Trong t&aacute;c ph&#7849m <em>Nh&#7919ng m&#7849u chuy&#7879n v&#7873 &#273&#7901i ho&#7841t &#273&#7897ng c&#7911a H&#7891 Ch&#7911 t&#7883ch</em>, Tr&#7847n D&acirc;n Ti&ecirc;n &#273&atilde; vi&#7871t: &quot;<em>Ng&#432&#7901i thi&#7871u ni&ecirc;n &#7845y &#273&atilde; s&#7899m hi&#7875u bi&#7871t v&agrave; r&#7845t &#273au x&oacute;t tr&#432&#7899c c&#7843nh th&#7889ng kh&#7893 c&#7911a &#273&#7891ng b&agrave;o. L&uacute;c b&#7845y gi&#7901, Anh &#273&atilde; c&oacute; ch&iacute; &#273u&#7893i th&#7921c d&acirc;n Ph&aacute;p, gi&#7843i ph&oacute;ng &#273&#7891ng b&agrave;o. Anh tham gia c&ocirc;ng t&aacute;c b&iacute; m&#7853t, nh&#7853n c&ocirc;ng vi&#7879c li&ecirc;n l&#7841c&quot;</em><a name="_ftnref3" href="http://dangcongsan.vn/cpv/Modules/News/NewsDetail.aspx?co_id=30257&amp;cn_id=458733#_ftn3" title=""><sup><span><sup><span style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: Arial">[3]</span></sup></span></sup></a>.</span></font></p> <p align="justify" style="MARGIN: 12pt 0in; TEXT-ALIGN: justify" class="MsoNormal"><font size="2" face="Arial"><span style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: Arial">Tuy nhi&ecirc;n, &#273i &#273&acirc;u v&agrave; l&agrave;m g&igrave; &#273&#7875 t&igrave;m ra con &#273&#432&#7901ng c&#7913u n&#432&#7899c th&agrave;nh c&ocirc;ng lu&ocirc;n<span>&nbsp; </span>l&agrave; c&ocirc;ng vi&#7879c h&#7871t s&#7913c kh&oacute; kh&#259n. B&#7903i l&#7869, b&#7885n th&#7921c d&acirc;n r&#7845t b&#432ng b&iacute;t t&#432 t&#432&#7903ng m&#7899i, ng&#259n tr&#7903 s&aacute;ch b&aacute;o ti&#7871n b&#7897 v&#7899i &acirc;m m&#432u giam h&atilde;m d&acirc;n ta trong v&ograve;ng n&ocirc; l&#7879. Ng&#432&#7901i &#273&atilde; n&oacute;i v&#7899i nh&agrave; b&aacute;o Li&ecirc;n X&ocirc; &Ocirc;xip Man&#273enxtam: &quot;<em>Khi t&ocirc;i &#273&#7897 m&#432&#7901i ba tu&#7893i, l&#7847n &#273&#7847u ti&ecirc;n t&ocirc;i &#273&#432&#7907c nghe ba ch&#7919 Ph&aacute;p: T&#7921 do, B&igrave;nh &#273&#7859ng, B&aacute;c &aacute;i. &#272&#7889i v&#7899i ch&uacute;ng t&ocirc;i, ng&#432&#7901i da tr&#7855ng n&agrave;o c&#361ng l&agrave; ng&#432&#7901i Ph&aacute;p. Ng&#432&#7901i Ph&aacute;p &#273&atilde; n&oacute;i th&#7871...Trong nh&#7919ng tr&#432&#7901ng h&#7885c cho ng&#432&#7901i b&#7843n x&#7913, b&#7885n Ph&aacute;p d&#7841y ng&#432&#7901i ta nh&#432 con v&#7865t.Ch&uacute;ng gi&#7845u kh&ocirc;ng cho ng&#432&#7901i n&#432&#7899c t&ocirc;i xem s&aacute;ch b&aacute;o. Kh&ocirc;ng ph&#7843i ch&#7881 s&aacute;ch c&#7911a c&aacute;c nh&agrave; v&#259n</em> <em>m&#7899i, m&agrave; c&#7843 R&uacute;t&ocirc; v&agrave; M&ocirc;ngtexki&#417 c&#361ng b&#7883 c&#7845m. V&#7853y th&igrave; l&agrave;m th&#7871 n&agrave;o b&acirc;y gi&#7901? T&ocirc;i quy&#7871t &#273&#7883nh t&igrave;m c&aacute;ch &#273i ra n&#432&#7899c ngo&agrave;i</em><a name="_ftnref4" href="http://dangcongsan.vn/cpv/Modules/News/NewsDetail.aspx?co_id=30257&amp;cn_id=458733#_ftn4" title=""><sup><span><sup><span style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: Arial">[4]</span></sup></span></sup></a><em>...</em></span></font></p> <p align="justify" style="MARGIN: 12pt 0in; TEXT-ALIGN: justify" class="MsoNormal"><font size="2" face="Arial"><span style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: Arial">Trong qu&aacute; tr&igrave;nh x&aacute;c &#273&#7883nh con &#273&#432&#7901ng c&#7913u m&#7897t d&acirc;n t&#7897c, l&ograve;ng c&#259m th&ugrave; gi&#7863c v&agrave; quy&#7871t t&acirc;m ch&#432a &#273&#7911, m&agrave; c&ograve;n ph&#7843i l&yacute; gi&#7843i &#273&#432&#7907c nguy&ecirc;n nh&acirc;n th&#7845t b&#7841i c&#7911a c&aacute;c b&#7853c ti&#7873n b&#7889i, hi&#7875u &#273&#432&#7907c &#273i&#7873u ki&#7879n ch&#7911 quan v&agrave; kh&aacute;ch quan c&#7911a b&#7889i c&#7843nh l&#7883ch s&#7917, tr&ecirc;n c&#417 s&#7903 &#273&oacute; m&agrave; v&#7841ch ra h&#432&#7899ng &#273i c&#7911a con &#273&#432&#7901ng c&#361ng nh&#432 nh&#7919ng y&#7871u t&#7889 &#273&#7843m b&#7843o th&#7855ng l&#7907i.</span></font></p> <p align="justify" style="MARGIN: 12pt 0in; TEXT-ALIGN: justify" class="MsoNormal"><font size="2" face="Arial"><span style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: Arial">Tr&#432&#7899c th&#7845t b&#7841i li&ecirc;n ti&#7871p v&#7873 con &#273&#432&#7901ng c&#7913u n&#432&#7899c c&#7911a c&aacute;c b&#7853c ti&#7873n b&#7889i, Ng&#432&#7901i nh&#7853n x&eacute;t:</span></font></p> <p align="justify" style="MARGIN: 12pt 0in; TEXT-ALIGN: justify" class="MsoNormal"><font size="2" face="Arial"><span style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: Arial">&quot;<em>C&#7909 Phan Chu Trinh ch&#7881 y&ecirc;u c&#7847u ng&#432&#7901i Ph&aacute;p th&#7921c hi&#7879n c&#7843i l&#432&#417ng...&#272i&#7873u &#273&oacute; l&agrave; sai l&#7847m, ch&#7859ng kh&aacute;c g&igrave; &#273&#7871n xin gi&#7863c r&#7911 l&ograve;ng th&#432&#417ng.</em></span></font></p> <p align="justify" style="MARGIN: 12pt 0in; TEXT-ALIGN: justify" class="MsoNormal"><font size="2" face="Arial"><em><span style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: Arial">C&#7909 Phan B&#7897i Ch&acirc;u hy v&#7885ng Nh&#7853t gi&uacute;p &#273&#7905 &#273&#7875 &#273u&#7893i Ph&aacute;p. &#272i&#7873u &#273&oacute; r&#7845t nguy hi&#7875m, ch&#7859ng kh&aacute;c g&igrave; &quot;&#273&#432a h&#7893 c&#7917a tr&#432&#7899c, r&#432&#7899c beo c&#7917a sau&quot;.</span></em></font></p> <p align="justify" style="MARGIN: 12pt 0in; TEXT-ALIGN: justify" class="MsoNormal"><font size="2" face="Arial"><em><span style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: Arial">C&#7909 Ho&agrave;ng Hoa Th&aacute;m c&ograve;n th&#7921c t&#7871 h&#417n, v&igrave; c&ograve;n tr&#7921c ti&#7871p &#273&#7845u tranh ch&#7889ng Ph&aacute;p. Nh&#432ng theo ng&#432&#7901i ta k&#7875 th&igrave; C&#7909 c&ograve;n mang n&#7863ng c&#7889t c&aacute;ch phong ki&#7871n&quot;</span></em><a name="_ftnref5" href="http://dangcongsan.vn/cpv/Modules/News/NewsDetail.aspx?co_id=30257&amp;cn_id=458733#_ftn5" title=""><sup><span style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: Arial"><span><sup><span style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: Arial">[5]</span></sup></span></span></sup></a><span style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: Arial">.</span></font></p> <p align="justify" style="MARGIN: 12pt 0in; TEXT-ALIGN: justify" class="MsoNormal"><font size="2" face="Arial"><span style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: Arial">T&#7915 nh&#7919ng tr&#7843i nghi&#7879m cu&#7897c s&#7889ng v&agrave; v&#7899i quy&#7871t t&acirc;m l&#7899n, H&#7891 Ch&iacute; Minh &#273&atilde; s&#7899m ph&aacute;t hi&#7879n ra m&acirc;u thu&#7851n gi&#7919a ch&#7871 &#273&#7897 &#273&agrave;n &aacute;p b&oacute;c l&#7897t d&atilde; man c&#7911a b&#7885n th&#7921c d&acirc;n &#7903 Vi&#7879t Nam v&#7899i c&aacute;i l&yacute; t&#432&#7903ng cao &#273&#7865p c&#7911a n&#432&#7899c<span>&nbsp; </span>Ph&aacute;p - qu&#7889c gia &#273&atilde;<span>&nbsp; </span>&#273&#7873 x&#432&#7899ng ra l&yacute; t&#432&#7903ng cao &#273&#7865p v&agrave; h&#7845p d&#7851n m&#7885i con ng&#432&#7901i &quot; T&#7921 do - B&igrave;nh &#273&#7859ng - B&aacute;c &aacute;i&quot;, mu&#7889n bi&#7871t c&aacute;i g&igrave; b&iacute; m&#7853t &#7849n n&aacute;u &#7903 &quot;n&#432&#7899c M&#7865&quot; xa x&ocirc;i ! Ng&#432&#7901i cho r&#7857ng &quot;Mu&#7889n &#273&aacute;nh h&#7893 th&igrave; ph&#7843i v&agrave;o hang h&#7893!&quot;. V&agrave; ch&iacute;nh nh&#7919ng nh&#7853n th&#7913c v&#7873 b&#7889i c&#7843nh &#273&#7845t n&#432&#7899c v&agrave; nh&#7919ng t&igrave;m hi&#7875u c&#7911a H&#7891 Ch&iacute; Minh v&#7873 n&#432&#7899c Ph&aacute;p &#273&atilde; th&ocirc;i th&uacute;c Ng&#432&#7901i sang Ph&aacute;p v&agrave; c&aacute;c n&#432&#7899c kh&aacute;c... &#272&acirc;y kh&ocirc;ng ph&#7843i l&agrave; h&agrave;nh &#273&#7897ng ng&#7851u nhi&ecirc;n, t&#7921 ph&aacute;t m&agrave; l&agrave; s&#7921 l&#7921a ch&#7885n, tr&#259n tr&#7903; m&#7897t quy&#7871t t&acirc;m l&#7899n, nh&#7857m &#273&aacute;p &#7913ng &#273&ograve;i h&#7887i kh&aacute;ch quan c&#7911a c&aacute;ch m&#7841ng Vi&#7879t Nam. </span></font></p> <p align="justify" style="MARGIN: 12pt 0in; TEXT-ALIGN: justify" class="MsoNormal"><font size="2" face="Arial"><span style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: Arial">Quy&#7871t &#273&#7883nh sang ph&#432&#417ng T&acirc;y c&#7911a H&#7891 Ch&iacute; Minh l&agrave; s&#7921 ph&#7911 nh&#7853n s&#7921 t&#7891n t&#7841i nh&agrave; n&#432&#7899c th&#7921c d&acirc;n n&#7917a phong ki&#7871n &#7903 Vi&#7879t Nam. &#272&oacute; l&agrave; &#273&ograve;n ti&#7871n c&ocirc;ng &#273&#7847u ti&ecirc;n c&#7911a H&#7891 Ch&iacute; Minh &#273&#7889i v&#7899i nh&agrave; n&#432&#7899c &#273&#432&#417ng th&#7901i, m&#7903 c&#7917a ra th&#7871 gi&#7899i &#273&#7875 &#273&oacute;n nh&#7853n nh&#7919ng nh&acirc;n t&#7889 m&#7899i c&#7911a th&#7901i &#273&#7841i, ti&#7871p thu l&yacute; lu&#7853n ti&ecirc;n ti&#7871n, t&iacute;ch h&#7907p tinh hoa v&#259n ho&aacute; nh&acirc;n lo&#7841i &#273&#7875 h&igrave;nh th&agrave;nh con &#273&#432&#7901ng c&#7913u n&#432&#7899c Vi&#7879t Nam th&ocirc;ng qua H&agrave;nh tr&igrave;nh c&#7913u n&#432&#7899c c&#7911a m&#7897t con ng&#432&#7901i -<span>&nbsp; </span>Nguy&#7877n &Aacute;i Qu&#7889c - H&#7891 Ch&iacute; Minh. </span></font></p> <p align="justify" style="MARGIN: 12pt 0in; TEXT-ALIGN: justify" class="MsoNormal"><font size="2" face="Arial"><span style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: Arial">Ng&agrave;y 3 th&aacute;ng 6 n&#259m 1911, Ng&#432&#7901i xu&#7889ng t&agrave;u bu&ocirc;n Ph&aacute;p Amiran Latus&#417 T&#417r&ecirc;vin( Amiral Latouche Treville) thu&#7897c H&atilde;ng N&#259m sao &#273ang c&#7853p c&#7843ng Nh&agrave; R&#7891ng g&#7863p thuy&#7873n tr&#432&#7903ng Maixen (Maisen) v&agrave; &#273&#432&#7907c nh&#7853n v&agrave;o l&agrave;m ph&#7909 b&#7871p tr&ecirc;n t&agrave;u. Ng&agrave;y 5 th&aacute;ng 6 n&#259m 1911 t&agrave;u Amiran Latus&#417 T&#417r&ecirc;vin r&#7901i b&#7871n c&#7843ng Nh&agrave; R&#7891ng mang theo ng&#432&#7901i thanh ni&ecirc;n Vi&#7879t Nam 21 tu&#7893i v&#7899i kh&aacute;t v&#7885ng ch&aacute;y b&#7887ng l&agrave; t&igrave;m ra con &#273&#432&#7901ng c&#7913u n&#432&#7899c Vi&#7879t Nam kh&#7887i &aacute;ch th&#7889ng tr&#7883 th&#7921c d&acirc;n phong ki&#7871n.</span></font></p> <p align="justify" style="MARGIN: 12pt 0in; TEXT-ALIGN: justify" class="MsoNormal"><font size="2" face="Arial"><strong><span style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: Arial">3.</span></strong><span style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: Arial"> Khi r&#7901i T&#7893 Qu&#7889c, Nguy&#7877n &Aacute;i Qu&#7889c - H&#7891 Ch&iacute; Minh c&oacute; quy&#7871t t&acirc;m cao, nh&#432ng s&#7921 hi&#7875u bi&#7871t v&#7873 th&#7871 gi&#7899i c&ograve;n h&#7841n ch&#7871. S&#7921 ra &#273i &#7845y kh&#7859ng &#273&#7883nh m&#7897t quy&#7871t t&acirc;m l&#7899n, nh&#432ng<span>&nbsp; </span>bi&#7871t bao c&acirc;u h&#7887i c&ograve;n b&#7887 ng&#7887. V&#7889n hi&#7875u bi&#7871t c&#7911a Ng&#432&#7901i ch&#432a c&oacute; th&#7875 nh&#7853n th&#7913c &#273&#432&#7907c &#273&#7863c &#273i&#7875m, xu th&#7871 c&#7911a th&#7901i &#273&#7841i. T&#7915ng b&#432&#7899c m&#7897t, v&#7915a lao &#273&#7897ng ki&#7871m s&#7889ng, v&#7915a h&#7885c t&#7853p l&yacute; lu&#7853n v&agrave; ho&#7841t &#273&#7897ng x&atilde; h&#7897i, H&#7891 Ch&iacute; Minh d&#7847n d&#7847n nh&igrave;n ra b&#7889i c&#7843nh c&#7911a h&agrave;nh tr&igrave;nh t&igrave;m &#273&#432&#7901ng c&#7913u n&#432&#7899c. T&#7915 ho&#7841t &#273&#7897ng trong nhi&#7873u t&#7893 ch&#7913c ch&iacute;nh tr&#7883, x&atilde; h&#7897i, nh&#7919ng tr&#7843i nghi&#7879m cu&#7897c s&#7889ng trong nhi&#7873u qu&#7889c gia th&#7853p ni&ecirc;n 10, 20 th&#7871 k&#7927 XX, H&#7891 Ch&iacute; Minh s&#7899m nh&igrave;n ra nh&#7919ng y&#7871u t&#7889 &#7843nh h&#432&#7903ng &#273&#7871n cu&#7897c c&aacute;ch m&#7841ng gi&#7843i ph&oacute;ng d&acirc;n t&#7897c &#7903 Vi&#7879t Nam nh&#432 con &#273&#432&#7901ng C&aacute;ch m&#7841ng Th&aacute;ng M&#432&#7901i Nga, t&#432 t&#432&#7903ng L&ecirc;nin v&agrave; &#273&#432&#7901ng l&#7889i gi&#7843i ph&oacute;ng thu&#7897c &#273&#7883a c&#7911a Qu&#7889c t&#7871 C&#7897ng s&#7843n (QTCS). Nhi&#7873u b&agrave;i vi&#7871t, b&agrave;i n&oacute;i, b&aacute;o c&aacute;o c&#7911a H&#7891 Ch&iacute; Minh g&#7917i QTCS &#273&atilde; th&#7875 hi&#7879n qu&aacute; tr&igrave;nh nh&#7853n th&#7913c c&#7911a Ng&#432&#7901i v&#7873 th&#7901i cu&#7897c v&agrave; s&#7921 t&#7893ng h&#7907p, v&#7853n d&#7909ng s&aacute;ng t&#7841o nh&#7919ng nh&acirc;n t&#7889 t&iacute;ch c&#7921c c&#7911a b&#7889i c&#7843nh l&#7883ch s&#7917 &#273&#7875 h&igrave;nh th&agrave;nh con &#273&#432&#7901ng c&#7913u n&#432&#7899c c&#7911a m&igrave;nh.</span></font></p> <p align="justify" style="MARGIN: 12pt 0in; TEXT-ALIGN: justify" class="MsoNormal"><font size="2" face="Arial"><span style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: Arial">&#272i&#7873u c&#7847n l&#432u &yacute; &#7903 &#273&acirc;y l&agrave; H&#7891 Ch&iacute; Minh r&#7901i T&#7893 qu&#7889c ho&agrave; nh&#7853p v&agrave;o th&#7871 gi&#7899i trong th&#7901i &#273i&#7875m ch&#7911 ngh&#297a t&#432 b&#7843n &#273&atilde; chuy&#7875n sang giai &#273o&#7841n ch&#7911 ngh&#297a &#273&#7871 qu&#7889c. H&#7879 th&#7889ng thu&#7897c &#273&#7883a &#273&atilde; h&igrave;nh th&agrave;nh tr&ecirc;n ph&#7841m vi th&#7871 gi&#7899i. Trong Tham lu&#7853n tr&igrave;nh b&agrave;y t&#7841i &#272&#7841i h&#7897i l&#7847n th&#7913 V c&#7911a QTCS (1924), H&#7891 Ch&iacute; Minh ch&#7881 r&otilde;:<span>&nbsp; </span>N&#259m 1876: 1/4 t&#7927 ng&#432&#7901i d&acirc;n thu&#7897c &#273&#7883a th&igrave; n&#259m 1914: 1/2 t&#7927 d&acirc;n thu&#7897c &#273&#7883a. &#272&#7871n &#273&#7847u nh&#7919ng n&#259m 20, di&#7879n t&iacute;ch c&aacute;c n&#432&#7899c thu&#7897c &#273&#7883a g&#7845p 5<span>&nbsp; </span>di&#7879n t&iacute;ch c&aacute;c n&#432&#7899c ch&iacute;nh qu&#7889c, c&ograve;n d&acirc;n s&#7889 ch&iacute;nh qu&#7889c ch&#432a b&#7857ng 3/5 s&#7889 d&acirc;n c&aacute;c n&#432&#7899c thu&#7897c &#273&#7883a. S&#7889 d&acirc;n thu&#7897c &#273&#7883a Anh &#273&ocirc;ng g&#7845p h&#417n 8,5 s&#7889 d&acirc;n n&#432&#7899c Anh c&ograve;n &#273&#7845t &#273ai r&#7897ng g&#7845p 252 l&#7847n c&#7911a n&#432&#7899c Anh<a name="_ftnref6" href="http://dangcongsan.vn/cpv/Modules/News/NewsDetail.aspx?co_id=30257&amp;cn_id=458733#_ftn6" title=""><sup><span><sup><span style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: Arial">[6]</span></sup></span></sup></a>...<span>&nbsp; </span>Cu&#7897c &#273&#7845u tranh gi&#7843i ph&oacute;ng c&#7911a c&aacute;c thu&#7897c &#273&#7883a v&agrave; ph&#7909 thu&#7897c tuy &#273&atilde; &#273&#432&#7907c &#273&#7849y m&#7841nh &#7903 c&aacute;c n&#432&#7899c ch&acirc;u &Acirc;u nh&#432: Air&#417len, Ba Lan nh&#432ng ch&#432a c&oacute; n&#432&#7899c n&agrave;o gi&agrave;nh &#273&#432&#7907c &#273&#7897c l&#7853p. C&ograve;n &#7903 ch&acirc;u &Aacute;, tuy &#273&atilde; tr&#7895i d&#7853y m&#7897t &quot;Ch&acirc;u &Aacute; th&#7913c t&#7881nh&quot; nh&#432ng c&aacute;c qu&#7889c gia l&#7899n nh&#432: &#7844n &#272&#7897, Trung Qu&#7889c, In&#273&ocirc;n&ecirc;xia v&#7851n &#273ang l&agrave; thu&#7897c &#273&#7883a c&#7911a b&#7885n &#273&#7871 qu&#7889c. Tr&ecirc;n ph&#7841m vi to&agrave;n th&#7871 gi&#7899i, ch&#432a c&oacute; m&#7897t thu&#7897c &#273&#7883a n&agrave;o &#273&#432&#7907c gi&#7843i ph&oacute;ng. Con &#273&#432&#7901ng gi&#7843i ph&oacute;ng d&acirc;n t&#7897c ch&#432a c&oacute; m&#7897t h&igrave;nh m&#7851u, t&#7845m g&#432&#417ng soi chung!</span></font></p> <p align="justify" style="MARGIN: 12pt 0in; TEXT-ALIGN: justify" class="MsoNormal"><font size="2" face="Arial"><span style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: Arial">V&igrave; v&#7853y, h&agrave;nh tr&igrave;nh c&#7913u n&#432&#7899c c&#7911a H&#7891 Ch&iacute; Minh l&uacute;c n&agrave;y c&#361ng m&#7899i ch&#7881 l&agrave; quy&#7871t t&acirc;m v&agrave; &#273&#7883nh h&#432&#7899ng. Ng&#432&#7901i b&#7855t &#273&#7847u b&#7857ng ngh&#7873 ph&#7909 b&#7871p r&#7891i sau &#273&oacute; l&agrave; c&ocirc;ng nh&acirc;n tr&ecirc;n t&agrave;u bu&ocirc;n Ph&aacute;p. Nh&#7901 &#273&oacute;, Ng&#432&#7901i c&oacute; d&#7883p qua nhi&#7873u qu&#7889c gia nh&#432: Xinhgapo, C&ocirc;l&ocirc;mb&ocirc;, Aic&#7853p, Ph&aacute;p, T&acirc;y Ban Nha, B&#7891 &#272&agrave;o Nha, Angi&ecirc;ri, Tuynidi, C&ocirc;ngg&ocirc;, &#272ah&ocirc;m&acirc;y, M&#7929. &#272&#7847u n&#259m 1913, Ng&#432&#7901i t&#7915 M&#7929 v&#7873 L&#417 Hav&#417r&#417 sau &#273&oacute; sang Anh. T&#7841i &#273&acirc;y, Ng&#432&#7901i l&agrave;m ngh&#7873 &#273&#7889t l&ograve;, qu&eacute;t tuy&#7871t, ph&#7909c v&#7909 kh&aacute;ch s&#7841n. B&#7845t k&#7923 ho&agrave;n c&#7843nh n&agrave;o, Ng&#432&#7901i th&#432&#7901ng xuy&ecirc;n ch&uacute; &yacute; t&igrave;m hi&#7875u &#273&#7901i s&#7889ng v&agrave; g&#7847n g&#361i v&#7899i ng&#432&#7901i lao &#273&#7897ng. Ng&#432&#7901i r&#7845t x&uacute;c &#273&#7897ng tr&#432&#7899c &#273i&#7873u ki&#7879n s&#7889ng c&#7921c kh&#7893 v&agrave; b&#7883 &#273&agrave;n &aacute;p c&#7911a ng&#432&#7901i da &#273en<a name="_ftnref7" href="http://dangcongsan.vn/cpv/Modules/News/NewsDetail.aspx?co_id=30257&amp;cn_id=458733#_ftn7" title=""><sup><span><sup><span style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: Arial">[7]</span></sup></span></sup></a>. Sau nh&#7919ng th&aacute;ng n&#259m tr&#7843i nghi&#7879m cu&#7897c s&#7889ng ng&#432&#7901i d&acirc;n thu&#7897c &#273&#7883a l&agrave;m thu&ecirc;, Ng&#432&#7901i d&#7847n d&#7847n nh&#7853n ra m&#7897t &#273i&#7873u:&nbsp;&#7902 &#273&acirc;u c&#361ng c&oacute; ng&#432&#7901i ngh&egrave;o v&agrave; s&#7921 gi&agrave;u ngh&egrave;o kh&ocirc;ng ph&#7909 thu&#7897c v&agrave;o m&agrave;u da, ch&#7911ng t&#7897c. Ng&#432&#7901i lao &#273&#7897ng &#7903 &#273&acirc;u c&#361ng kh&#7893 c&#7921c v&agrave; bi&#7871t th&#432&#417ng y&ecirc;u nhau.</span></font></p> <p align="justify" style="MARGIN: 12pt 0in; TEXT-ALIGN: justify" class="MsoNormal"><font size="2" face="Arial"><span style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: Arial">Cu&#7889i n&#259m 1917, Ng&#432&#7901i t&#7915 Anh tr&#7903 l&#7841i Ph&aacute;p, v&#7915a ti&#7871p t&#7909c lao &#273&#7897ng ki&#7871m s&#7889ng, v&#7915a t&iacute;ch c&#7921c tham gia ho&#7841t &#273&#7897ng ch&iacute;nh tr&#7883 x&atilde; h&#7897i. Ng&#432&#7901i li&ecirc;n h&#7879 ch&#7863t ch&#7869 v&#7899i c&ocirc;ng nh&acirc;n Ph&aacute;p, nh&#7919ng &#273&#7841i bi&#7875u thu&#7897c &#273&#7883a<span>&nbsp; </span>v&agrave; nh&#7919ng ng&#432&#7901i Vi&#7879t Nam y&ecirc;u n&#432&#7899c t&#7841i Ph&aacute;p. &#272&acirc;y l&agrave; th&#7901i k&#7923 ho&#7841t &#273&#7897ng s&ocirc;i n&#7893i v&agrave; c&oacute; hi&#7879u qu&#7843 trong h&agrave;nh tr&igrave;nh t&igrave;m th&#7845y con &#273&#432&#7901ng c&#7913u n&#432&#7899c Vi&#7879t Nam. &#272&#7847u n&#259m 1919, Ng&#432&#7901i v&agrave;o &#272&#7843ng X&atilde; h&#7897i Ph&aacute;p: &quot;Ch&#7881 v&igrave; &#273&acirc;y l&agrave; t&#7893 ch&#7913c duy nh&#7845t &#7903 Ph&aacute;p theo &#273u&#7893i l&yacute; t&#432&#7903ng cao qu&yacute; c&#7911a &#272&#7841i c&aacute;ch m&#7841ng Ph&aacute;p: <em>T&#7921 do, B&igrave;nh &#273&#7859ng, B&aacute;c &aacute;i&quot;</em> <a name="_ftnref8" href="http://dangcongsan.vn/cpv/Modules/News/NewsDetail.aspx?co_id=30257&amp;cn_id=458733#_ftn8" title=""><sup><span><sup><span style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: Arial">[8]</span></sup></span></sup></a>. Gi&#7919a n&#259m 1919, Ng&#432&#7901i thay m&#7863t nh&#7919ng ng&#432&#7901i Vi&#7879t Nam y&ecirc;u n&#432&#7899c t&#7841i Ph&aacute;p g&#7917i &quot;B&#7843n y&ecirc;u s&aacute;ch t&aacute;m &#273i&#7875m &quot;c&#7911a nh&acirc;n d&acirc;n An Nam t&#7899i H&#7897i ngh&#7883 c&aacute;c n&#432&#7899c &#273&#7871 qu&#7889c h&#7885p t&#7841i V&eacute;cx&acirc;y (Versailles). M&#7863c d&ugrave; Y&ecirc;u s&aacute;ch ch&#7881 n&ecirc;u nh&#7919ng y&ecirc;u c&#7847u t&#7889i thi&#7875u trong khu&ocirc;n kh&#7893 c&#7843i c&aacute;ch, nh&#432ng c&aacute;c t&aacute;c gi&#7843 c&#7911a b&#7843n Y&ecirc;u s&aacute;ch &#7845y &#273&atilde; kh&ocirc;ng nh&#7853n &#273&#432&#7907c m&#7897t l&#7901i ph&uacute;c &#273&aacute;p. T&#7915 th&#7921c t&#7871 &#7845y, Ng&#432&#7901i k&#7871t lu&#7853n: &quot;Mu&#7889n &#273&#432&#7907c gi&#7843i ph&oacute;ng, c&aacute;c d&acirc;n t&#7897c ch&#7881 c&oacute; th&#7875 tr&ocirc;ng c&#7853y v&agrave;o m&igrave;nh, tr&ocirc;ng c&#7853y v&agrave;o l&#7921c l&#432&#7907ng c&#7911a b&#7843n th&acirc;n m&igrave;nh&quot;<a name="_ftnref9" href="http://dangcongsan.vn/cpv/Modules/News/NewsDetail.aspx?co_id=30257&amp;cn_id=458733#_ftn9" title=""><sup><span><sup><span style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: Arial">[9]</span></sup></span></sup></a>. Th&#7921c t&#7871 tr&ecirc;n &#273&acirc;y &#273&atilde; gi&uacute;p H&#7891 Ch&iacute; Minh hi&#7875u th&ecirc;m b&#7889i c&#7843nh kh&aacute;ch quan m&agrave; h&agrave;nh tr&igrave;nh c&#7913u n&#432&#7899c kh&ocirc;ng th&#7875 b&#7887 qua. H&agrave;nh tr&igrave;nh &#273i t&igrave;m con &#273&#432&#7901ng c&#7913u n&#432&#7899c c&#7911a H&#7891 Ch&iacute; Minh v&#7851n &#273ang ti&#7871p t&#7909c.</span></font></p> <p align="justify" style="MARGIN: 12pt 0in; TEXT-ALIGN: justify" class="MsoNormal"><font size="2" face="Arial"><span style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: Arial">S&#7921 ki&#7879n c&#7921c k&#7923 quan tr&#7885ng l&agrave;m chuy&#7875n bi&#7871n c&#417 b&#7843n nh&#7853n th&#7913c con &#273&#432&#7901ng c&#7913u n&#432&#7899c gi&#7843i ph&oacute;ng d&acirc;n t&#7897c c&#7911a Ng&#432&#7901i l&agrave; &#273&#432&#7907c &#273&#7885c b&#7843n <em>&quot;S&#417 th&#7843o l&#7847n th&#7913 nh&#7845t nh&#7919ng lu&#7853n</em> c<em>&#432&#417ng v&#7873 v&#7845n &#273&#7873 d&acirc;n t&#7897c v&agrave; v&#7845n &#273&#7873 thu&#7897c &#273&#7883a&quot;</em> c&#7911a L&ecirc;nin &#273&#259ng tr&ecirc;n b&aacute;o Nh&acirc;n &#273&#7841o (L&rsquo;Humanit&eacute;) th&aacute;ng 7-1920. Lu&#7853n c&#432&#417ng &#273&atilde; mang l&#7841i cho Ng&#432&#7901i &aacute;nh s&aacute;ng v&#7873 con &#273&#432&#7901ng c&aacute;ch m&#7841ng gi&#7843i ph&oacute;ng d&acirc;n t&#7897c &#7903 m&#7897t n&#432&#7899c thu&#7897c &#273&#7883a. Kh&#7859ng &#273&#7883nh &yacute; ngh&#297a to l&#7899n c&#7911a Lu&#7853n c&#432&#417ng trong h&agrave;nh tr&igrave;nh t&igrave;m ra con &#273&#432&#7901ng c&#7913u n&#432&#7899c, sau n&agrave;y Ng&#432&#7901i vi&#7871t: &quot;<em>Lu&#7853n c&#432&#417ng c&#7911a L&ecirc;nin l&agrave;m cho t&ocirc;i r&#7845t c&#7843m &#273&#7897ng, ph&#7845n kh&#7903i, s&aacute;ng t&#7887, tin t&#432&#7903ng bi&#7871t bao. Ng&#7891i m&#7897t m&igrave;nh trong bu&#7891ng m&agrave; t&ocirc;i n&oacute;i to l&ecirc;n nh&#432 &#273ang n&oacute;i tr&#432&#7899c qu&#7847n ch&uacute;ng &#273&ocirc;ng &#273&#7843o: &quot;H&#7905i &#273&#7891ng b&agrave;o b&#7883 &#273o&#7841 &#273&#7847y &#273au kh&#7893! &#272&acirc;y l&agrave; c&aacute;i c&#7847n thi&#7871t cho ch&uacute;ng ta, &#273&acirc;y l&agrave; con &#273&#432&#7901ng gi&#7843i ph&oacute;ng ch&uacute;ng ta&quot;</em><a name="_ftnref10" href="http://dangcongsan.vn/cpv/Modules/News/NewsDetail.aspx?co_id=30257&amp;cn_id=458733#_ftn10" title=""><sup><span><sup><span style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: Arial">[10]</span></sup></span></sup></a>. Cho &#273&#7871n cu&#7889i &#273&#7901i, H&#7891 Ch&iacute; Minh c&agrave;ng trung th&agrave;nh v&#7899i con &#273&#432&#7901ng &#273&#7897c l&#7853p d&acirc;n t&#7897c bao nhi&ecirc;u, th&igrave; c&agrave;ng trung th&agrave;nh b&#7845y nhi&ecirc;u v&#7899i nh&#7919ng l&yacute; lu&#7853n L&ecirc;nin vi&#7871t trong <em>S&#417 th&#7843o Lu&#7853n c&#432&#417ng</em> v&agrave; &#273&#432&#7901ng l&#7889i c&#7911a Qu&#7889c t&#7871 C&#7897ng s&#7843n v&#7873 v&#7845n &#273&#7873 d&acirc;n t&#7897c v&agrave; thu&#7897c &#273&#7883a. &#272i&#7873u n&agrave;y th&#7875 hi&#7879n r&#7845t r&otilde; khi Ng&#432&#7901i tr&#7843 l&#7901i ph&#7887ng v&#7845n nh&agrave; b&aacute;o Ph&aacute;p S&aacute;cl&#417 Phu&#7889cni&ocirc;: &quot;<em>T&#7915 ng&agrave;y Lu&#7853n c&#432&#417ng c&#7911a L&ecirc;nin &#273&atilde; ho&agrave;n to&agrave;n soi s&aacute;ng cho t&ocirc;i, t&ocirc;i kh&ocirc;ng c&ograve;n ch&#7881<span>&nbsp; </span>d&#7921 c&aacute;c cu&#7897c h&#7885p c&#7911a &#272&#7843ng m&#7897t c&aacute;ch th&#7909 &#273&#7897ng n&#7919a. T&ocirc;i lao v&agrave;o cu&#7897c chi&#7871n &#273&#7845u, h&#259ng h&aacute;i b&agrave;n c&atilde;i, ti&#7871n c&ocirc;ng m&#7841nh m&#7869 nh&#7919ng k&#7867 ch&#7889ng l&#7841i L&ecirc;nin v&agrave; Qu&#7889c t&#7871 th&#7913 ba&quot;</em><a name="_ftnref11" href="http://dangcongsan.vn/cpv/Modules/News/NewsDetail.aspx?co_id=30257&amp;cn_id=458733#_ftn11" title=""><sup><span><sup><span style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: Arial">[11]</span></sup></span></sup></a>.</span></font></p> <p align="justify" style="MARGIN: 12pt 0in; TEXT-ALIGN: justify" class="MsoNormal"><font size="2" face="Arial"><span style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: Arial">S&#7921 ki&#7879n &#273&#432&#7907c &#273&#7885c b&#7843n <em>S&#417 th&#7843o nh&#7919ng lu&#7853n c&#432&#417ng v&#7873 v&#7845n &#273&#7873 d&acirc;n t&#7897c v&agrave; v&#7845n &#273&#7873 thu&#7897c &#273&#7883a</em> c&#7911a L&ecirc;nin c&ugrave;ng v&#7899i nh&#7919ng ho&#7841t &#273&#7897ng s&aacute;t c&aacute;nh v&#7899i<span>&nbsp; </span>c&ocirc;ng nh&acirc;n, tr&iacute; th&#7913c Ph&aacute;p v&agrave; c&aacute;c &#273&#7841i bi&#7875u thu&#7897c &#273&#7883a c&ugrave;ng &#273&#7891ng b&agrave;o m&igrave;nh tr&ecirc;n &#273&#7845t Ph&aacute;p tr&#432&#7899c &#273&oacute; &#273&atilde; t&#7841o ti&#7873n &#273&#7873 quan tr&#7885ng &#273&#7875 t&#7841i &#272&#7841i h&#7897i l&#7847n th&#7913 XVIII &#272&#7843ng X&atilde; h&#7897i Ph&aacute;p h&#7885p t&#7841i th&agrave;nh ph&#7889 Tua th&aacute;ng 12 n&#259m 1920, H&#7891 Ch&iacute; Minh t&iacute;ch c&#7921c th&#7843o lu&#7853n v&agrave; s&#7899m quy&#7871t &#273&#7883nh b&#7887 phi&#7871u &#7911ng h&#7897 &#272&#7843ng m&igrave;nh gia nh&#7853p Qu&#7889c t&#7871 th&#7913 ba. Ng&#432&#7901i &#273&atilde; tham gia d&#7921 th&#7843o <em>Ngh&#7883 quy&#7871t v&#7873 ch&#7911 ngh&#297a C&#7897ng s&#7843n v&agrave; c&aacute;c thu&#7897c &#273&#7883a</em> v&agrave; <em><span>&nbsp;</span>L&#7901i k&ecirc;u g&#7885i nh&#7919ng ng&#432&#7901i b&#7843n x&#7913 &#7903 c&aacute;c thu&#7897c &#273&#7883a </em>t&#7841i &#272&#7841i h&#7897i l&#7847n th&#7913 nh&#7845t (1921) v&agrave; l&#7847n th&#7913 hai (1922) &#272&#7843ng C&#7897ng s&#7843n Ph&aacute;p. Ng&#432&#7901i &#273&atilde; tr&#7903 th&agrave;nh ng&#432&#7901i c&#7897ng s&#7843n Vi&#7879t Nam &#273&#7847u ti&ecirc;n c&oacute; nhi&#7873u &#273&oacute;ng g&oacute;p t&iacute;ch c&#7921c cho v&#7845n &#273&#7873 gi&#7843i ph&oacute;ng thu&#7897c &#273&#7883a.</span></font></p> <p align="justify" style="MARGIN: 12pt 0in; TEXT-ALIGN: justify" class="MsoNormal"><font size="2" face="Arial"><span style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: Arial">V&#7899i nh&#7919ng s&#7921 ki&#7879n tr&ecirc;n &#273&acirc;y, H&#7891 Ch&iacute; Minh &#273&atilde; t&#7915 ng&#432&#7901i y&ecirc;u n&#432&#7899c tr&#7903 th&agrave;nh ng&#432&#7901i c&#7897ng s&#7843n ch&acirc;n ch&iacute;nh. V&agrave; &#273&acirc;y c&ograve;n l&agrave;<span>&nbsp; </span>m&#7889c quan tr&#7885ng &#273&aacute;nh d&#7845u vi&#7879c H&#7891 Ch&iacute; Minh &#273&atilde; t&igrave;m th&#7845y con &#273&#432&#7901ng c&#7913u n&#432&#7899c. Ng&#432&#7901i &#273&atilde; ho&agrave;n th&agrave;nh s&#7913 m&#7841ng <em>Ng&#432&#7901i t&igrave;m th&#7845y con &#273&#432&#7901ng c&#7913u n&#432&#7899c Vi&#7879t Nam .</em></span></font></p> <p align="justify" style="MARGIN: 12pt 0in; TEXT-ALIGN: justify" class="MsoNormal"><font size="2" face="Arial"><span style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: Arial">Ti&#7871p theo l&agrave; nh&#7919ng ho&#7841t &#273&#7897ng c&#7911a H&#7891 Ch&iacute; Minh v&#7899i s&#7913 m&#7841ng <em>Ng&#432&#7901i d&#7851n &#273&#432&#7901ng c&#7913u n&#432&#7899c &#273&#7871n th&#7855ng l&#7907i.</em></span></font></p> <p align="justify" style="MARGIN: 12pt 0in; TEXT-ALIGN: justify" class="MsoNormal"><font size="2" face="Arial"><span style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: Arial">T&igrave;m th&#7845y &#273&#432&#7901ng l&#7889i, con &#273&#432&#7901ng c&#7913u n&#432&#7899c &#273&atilde; kh&oacute;, ti&#7871n h&agrave;nh tuy&ecirc;n truy&#7873n v&#7853n &#273&#7897ng qu&#7847n ch&uacute;ng v&agrave; t&#7893 ch&#7913c th&#7855ng l&#7907i &#273&#432&#7901ng l&#7889i &#7845y tr&ecirc;n th&#7921c t&#7871 c&ograve;n kh&oacute; h&#417n nhi&#7873u. V&igrave; trong su&#7889t ti&#7871n tr&igrave;nh th&#7921c t&#7871 ho&aacute; &#273&#432&#7901ng l&#7889i &#7845y, ng&#432&#7901i l&atilde;nh &#273&#7841o c&oacute; quy&#7871t t&acirc;m ch&#432a &#273&#7911 m&agrave; c&ograve;n ph&#7843i &#273&aacute;nh gi&aacute; &#273&uacute;ng t&igrave;nh h&igrave;nh, l&#7921a ch&#7885n &#273&uacute;ng th&#7901i &#273i&#7875m, &#273&#7883a b&agrave;n&quot;&#273&#7889i n&#7897i&quot; v&agrave; ph&#7843i t&igrave;m &#273&#432&#7907c nh&#7919ng c&#7897ng s&#7921 c&oacute; th&#7921c t&#7871 v&agrave; kinh nghi&#7879m v&#7853n &#273&#7897ng t&#7893 ch&#7913c qu&#7847n ch&uacute;ng. Th&aacute;ng 6-1923, trong th&#432 g&#7917i c&aacute;c b&#7841n c&ugrave;ng ho&#7841t &#273&#7897ng &#7903 Ph&aacute;p Ng&#432&#7901i ph&aacute;c h&#7885a c&ocirc;ng vi&#7879c c&#7911a m&igrave;nh - Ng&#432&#7901i d&#7851n &#273&#432&#7901ng c&#7913u n&#432&#7899c khi tr&#7903 v&#7873 T&#7893 qu&#7889c l&agrave;<em>: &quot;&#272&#7889i v&#7899i t&ocirc;i, c&acirc;u tr&#7843 l&#7901i &#273&atilde; r&otilde; r&agrave;ng l&agrave; tr&#7903 v&#7873 n&#432&#7899c, &#273i v&agrave;o qu&#7847n ch&uacute;ng, th&#7913c t&#7881nh h&#7885, t&#7893 ch&#7913c h&#7885, &#273o&agrave;n k&#7871t h&#7885, hu&#7845n luy&#7879n h&#7885, &#273&#432a h&#7885 ra &#273&#7845u tranh gi&agrave;nh t&#7921 do &#273&#7897c l&#7853p&quot;</em><a name="_ftnref12" href="http://dangcongsan.vn/cpv/Modules/News/NewsDetail.aspx?co_id=30257&amp;cn_id=458733#_ftn12" title=""><sup><span><sup><span style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: Arial">[12]</span></sup></span></sup></a><em>. </em>Tuy nhi&ecirc;n con &#273&#432&#7901ng &#7845y c&ograve;n nhi&#7873u gian tru&acirc;n.<span>&nbsp; </span>Ng&#432&#7901i &#273&atilde; tr&#7843i qua nhi&#7873u c&ocirc;ng vi&#7879c, ho&#7841t &#273&#7897ng &#7903 nhi&#7873u qu&#7889c gia nh&#432: Nghi&ecirc;n c&#7913u l&yacute; lu&#7853n t&#7841i &#272&#7841i h&#7885c Ph&#432&#417ng &#272&ocirc;ng, d&#7921 nhi&#7873u H&#7897i ngh&#7883 qu&#7889c t&#7871 t&#7841i Li&ecirc;n X&ocirc;, l&agrave;m c&aacute;n b&#7897 Ban Ph&#432&#417ng &#272&ocirc;ng Qu&#7889c t&#7871 C&#7897ng s&#7843n v&agrave; nhi&#7873u n&#259m l&agrave;m phi&ecirc;n d&#7883ch trong Ph&aacute;i b&#7897 B&ocirc;r&ocirc;&#273in t&#7841i Trung Qu&#7889c (1924-1927). C&#361ng trong th&#7901i gian n&agrave;y, t&#7841i Qu&#7843ng Ch&acirc;u, Ng&#432&#7901i &#273&atilde; th&agrave;nh l&#7853p H&#7897i Vi&#7879t Nam C&aacute;ch m&#7841ng Thanh ni&ecirc;n - T&#7893 ch&#7913c ti&#7873n th&acirc;n c&#7911a &#272&#7843ng C&#7897ng s&#7843n Vi&#7879t Nam. Gi&#7919a n&#259m 1927 Ng&#432&#7901i tr&#7903 l&#7841i Li&ecirc;n X&ocirc;, th&#7921c hi&#7879n nhi&#7879m v&#7909 do Qu&#7889c t&#7871 C&#7897ng s&#7843n giao &#7903 Ph&aacute;p, B&#7881, &#272&#7913c, Thu&#7925 S&#297, Italia r&#7891i v&#7873 Xi&ecirc;m, Th&aacute;i Lan, Trung Qu&#7889c. <br /> <br /> &#272&#7847u n&#259m 1930 t&#7841i H&#7891ng K&ocirc;ng (Trung Qu&#7889c), Ng&#432&#7901i &#273&atilde; ch&#7911 tr&igrave; H&#7897i ngh&#7883 th&agrave;nh l&#7853p &#272&#7843ng C&#7897ng s&#7843n Vi&#7879t Nam. C&#361ng t&#7841i &#273&acirc;y, t&#7915 gi&#7919a n&#259m 1931 &#273&#7871n n&#259m 1933, Ng&#432&#7901i b&#7883 th&#7921c d&acirc;n Anh b&#7855t giam. &#272&#7847u n&#259m 1934 sau khi tho&aacute;t t&ugrave;, Ng&#432&#7901i tr&#7903 l&#7841i Li&ecirc;n X&ocirc; h&#7885c Tr&#432&#7901ng Qu&#7889c t&#7871 L&ecirc;nin v&agrave; l&agrave;m nghi&ecirc;n c&#7913u sinh t&#7841i Vi&#7879n nghi&ecirc;n c&#7913u c&aacute;c v&#7845n &#273&#7873 d&acirc;n t&#7897c v&agrave; thu&#7897c &#273&#7883a (thu&#7897c Ban Ph&#432&#417ng &#272&ocirc;ng, Qu&#7889c t&#7871 C&#7897ng s&#7843n). Th&agrave;nh c&ocirc;ng n&#7893i b&#7853t trong ho&#7841t &#273&#7897ng c&aacute;ch m&#7841ng c&#7911a Ng&#432&#7901i l&agrave; nh&#7853n th&#7913c v&agrave; gi&#7843i quy&#7871t tho&#7843 &#273&aacute;ng m&#7889i quan h&#7879 d&acirc;n t&#7897c v&agrave; giai c&#7845p - v&#7845n &#273&#7873 quan tr&#7885ng v&agrave; nh&#7841y c&#7843m m&agrave; ngay Qu&#7889c t&#7871 C&#7897ng s&#7843n c&#361ng c&oacute; l&uacute;c m&#7855c sai l&#7847m. Ng&#432&#7901i r&#7845t ch&uacute; &yacute; &#273&#7863c &#273i&#7875m v&agrave; truy&#7873n th&#7889ng d&acirc;n t&#7897c, nh&#432ng kh&ocirc;ng v&igrave; th&#7871 m&agrave; xa r&#7901i l&#7853p tr&#432&#7901ng giai c&#7845p. &#272i&#7873u n&agrave;y &#273&#432&#7907c th&#7875 hi&#7879n qua lu&#7853n &#273i&#7875m: &quot;V&#7853y l&agrave; m&agrave;u da c&oacute; kh&aacute;c nhau, tr&ecirc;n &#273&#7901i n&agrave;y ch&#7881 c&oacute; hai gi&#7889ng ng&#432&#7901i: gi&#7889ng ng&#432&#7901i b&oacute;c l&#7897t v&agrave; gi&#7889ng ng&#432&#7901i b&#7883 b&oacute;c l&#7897t. M&agrave; c&#361ng ch&#7881 c&oacute; m&#7897t m&#7889i t&igrave;nh h&#7919u &aacute;i l&agrave; th&#7853t m&agrave; th&ocirc;i: t&igrave;nh h&#7919u &aacute;i v&ocirc; s&#7843n&quot;<a name="_ftnref13" href="http://dangcongsan.vn/cpv/Modules/News/NewsDetail.aspx?co_id=30257&amp;cn_id=458733#_ftn13" title=""><sup><span><sup><span style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: Arial">[13]</span></sup></span></sup></a>. Nh&#7919ng lu&#7853n &#273i&#7875m s&aacute;ng t&#7841o v&#7873 m&#7889i quan h&#7879 gi&#7919a c&aacute;ch m&#7841ng v&ocirc; s&#7843n &#7903 ch&iacute;nh qu&#7889c v&#7899i c&aacute;ch m&#7841ng thu&#7897c &#273&#7883a c&ograve;n &#273&#432&#7907c th&#7875 hi&#7879n r&otilde; trong nhi&#7873u b&agrave;i b&aacute;o , &#273&#7863c bi&#7879t trong tham lu&#7853n c&#7911a Ng&#432&#7901i &#273&#432&#7907c tr&igrave;nh b&agrave;y t&#7841i &#272&#7841i h&#7897i V c&#7911a QTCS<span>&nbsp; </span>n&#259m 1924. Trong b&#7889i c&#7843nh QTCS ch&#7883u &#7843nh h&#432&#7903ng s&acirc;u s&#7855c c&#7911a tr&agrave;o l&#432u &quot;t&#7843&quot; khuynh, bi&#7879t ph&aacute;i t&#7915 sau khi L&ecirc;nin qua &#273&#7901i (1924), &#273&#7863c bi&#7879t sau &#272&#7841i h&#7897i VI c&#7911a QTCS (1928), Ng&#432&#7901i v&#7851n ki&ecirc;n tr&igrave; h&#7885c t&#7853p l&yacute; lu&#7853n v&agrave; th&#432&#7901ng xuy&ecirc;n l&#7853p k&#7871 ho&#7841ch v&#7873 n&#432&#7899c th&#7921c thi con &#273&#432&#7901ng c&#7913u n&#432&#7899c &#273&#7875 b&#7855t li&ecirc;n l&#7841c v&#7899i Ban Ch&#7845p h&agrave;nh Trung &#432&#417ng &#272&#7843ng &#7903 trong n&#432&#7899c.</span></font></p> <p align="justify" style="MARGIN: 12pt 0in; TEXT-ALIGN: justify" class="MsoNormal"><font size="2" face="Arial"><span style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: Arial">N&eacute;t &#273&#7863c s&#7855c nh&#7845t cu&#7897c h&agrave;nh tr&igrave;nh c&#7913u n&#432&#7899c 30 n&#259m l&agrave; kh&ocirc;ng bao gi&#7901 Ng&#432&#7901i xa r&#7901i m&#7909c &#273&iacute;ch v&#7873 n&#432&#7899c c&#7913u &#273&#7891ng b&agrave;o. Khi &#7903 Li&ecirc;n X&ocirc; d&#7921 &#272&#7841i h&#7897i l&#7847n th&#7913 VI Qu&#7889c t&#7871 Thanh ni&ecirc;n, Ng&#432&#7901i n&oacute;i v&#7899i nh&agrave; v&#259n I. &Ecirc;renbua: &quot;T&ocirc;i ch&#7881 c&oacute; m&#7897t mong &#432&#7899c l&agrave; s&#7899m tr&#7903 v&agrave; T&#7893 qu&#7889c&quot;<a name="_ftnref14" href="http://dangcongsan.vn/cpv/Modules/News/NewsDetail.aspx?co_id=30257&amp;cn_id=458733#_ftn14" title=""><sup><span><sup><span style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: Arial">[14]</span></sup></span></sup></a>. Khi &#273ang ho&#7841t &#273&#7897ng trong B&aacute;t l&#7897 qu&acirc;n Trung Qu&#7889c, Ng&#432&#7901i v&#7851n b&iacute; m&#7853t li&ecirc;n l&#7841c v&#7899i Ban l&atilde;nh &#273&#7841o &#272&#7843ng trong n&#432&#7899c chu&#7849n b&#7883 x&acirc;y d&#7921ng c&#259n c&#7913 &#273&#7883a v&ugrave;ng bi&ecirc;n gi&#7899i Vi&#7879t Trung. Cu&#7889i th&aacute;ng 6 n&#259m 1940, ngay sau khi Ph&aacute;p &#273&#7847u h&agrave;ng ph&aacute;t x&iacute;t &#272&#7913c, Ng&#432&#7901i ch&#7881 th&#7883 g&#7845p cho &#273&#7891ng ch&iacute; Ph&#7841m V&#259n &#272&#7891ng, V&otilde; Nguy&ecirc;n Gi&aacute;p kh&ocirc;ng &#273i h&#7885c Tr&#432&#7901ng Qu&acirc;n ch&iacute;nh c&#7911a &#272&#7843ng C&#7897ng s&#7843n Trung Qu&#7889c t&#7841i Di&ecirc;n An n&#7919a m&agrave; c&ugrave;ng c&aacute;c &#273&#7891ng ch&iacute; Ph&ugrave;ng Ch&iacute; Ki&ecirc;n, V&#361 Anh &#273i Qu&#7871 L&acirc;m, Nam Ninh (Qu&#7843ng T&acirc;y) h&#432&#7899ng v&#7873 Cao B&#7857ng &#273&oacute;n th&#7901i c&#417 m&#7899i. &#272&#7847u n&#259m 1941, sau 30 n&#259m ra &#273i t&igrave;m &#273&#432&#7901ng c&#7913u n&#432&#7899c, H&#7891 Ch&iacute; Minh k&#7871t th&uacute;c <em>H&agrave;nh tr&igrave;nh c&#7913u n&#432&#7899c</em>, v&#7873 v&ugrave;ng r&#7915ng n&uacute;i Cao B&#7857ng - &#273&#7883a &#273&#7847u T&#7893 qu&#7889c tr&#7921c ti&#7871p l&atilde;nh &#273&#7841o d&acirc;n t&#7897c th&#7921c h&agrave;nh &#273&#432&#7901ng l&#7889i c&#7913u n&#432&#7899c m&#7899i, m&#7903 ra giai &#273o&#7841n m&#7899i trong c&ocirc;ng cu&#7897c gi&#7843i ph&oacute;ng d&acirc;n t&#7897c Vi&#7879t Nam.</span></font></p> <p align="justify" style="MARGIN: 12pt 0in; TEXT-ALIGN: justify" class="MsoNormal"><font size="2" face="Arial"><strong><span style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: Arial">4.</span></strong><span style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: Arial"> Ra &#273i t&igrave;m &#273&#432&#7901ng c&#7913u m&#7897t qu&#7889c gia l&agrave; nhi&#7879m v&#7909 v&ocirc; c&ugrave;ng kh&oacute; kh&#259n. Nh&#432ng t&igrave;m th&#7845y con &#273&#432&#7901ng &#7845y v&agrave; &#273i&#7873u quan tr&#7885ng ti&#7871p theo l&agrave; b&#7893 sung, ho&agrave;n thi&#7879n n&oacute; cho ph&ugrave; h&#7907p v&#7899i &#273i&#7873u ki&#7879n c&#7909 th&#7875 r&#7891i &#273&#432a v&#7873 &aacute;p d&#7909ng trong n&#432&#7899c l&agrave; vi&#7879c kh&oacute; g&#7845p b&#7897i ph&#7847n. Sau nhi&#7873u l&#7847n th&#7845t b&#7841i c&#7911a c&aacute;c b&#7853c ti&#7873n b&#7889i, H&#7891 Ch&iacute; Minh l&agrave; ng&#432&#7901i Vi&#7879t Nam &#273&#7847u ti&ecirc;n k&#7871t h&#7907p th&agrave;nh c&ocirc;ng s&#7913c m&#7841nh trong n&#432&#7899c v&agrave; qu&#7889c t&#7871 - d&acirc;n t&#7897c v&agrave; th&#7901i &#273&#7841i, y&#7871u t&#7889 kh&aacute;ch quan v&agrave; ch&#7911 quan &#273&#7875 t&igrave;m ra l&#7901i gi&#7843i cho &quot;B&agrave;i to&aacute;n th&#7871 k&#7927&quot; &#273&atilde; &#273&#7863t ra tr&#432&#7899c d&acirc;n t&#7897c t&#7915 &#273&#7847u th&#7871 k&#7927 XX. Ng&#432&#7901i &#273&atilde; kh&#7843o s&aacute;t th&#7921c t&#7871, nghi&ecirc;n c&#7913u l&yacute; lu&#7853n, t&#7893ng k&#7871t kinh nghi&#7879m c&#7911a nhi&#7873u th&#7871 h&#7879 &#273&atilde; t&igrave;m th&#7845y con &#273&#432&#7901ng c&#7913u Vi&#7879t Nam kh&#7887i &aacute;ch th&#7889ng tr&#7883 th&#7921c d&acirc;n phong ki&#7871n. Tuy nhi&ecirc;n c&#7847n th&#7845y r&otilde;, &#273&acirc;y kh&ocirc;ng ph&#7843i &#273&#417n gi&#7843n l&agrave; vi&#7879c l&#7921a ch&#7885n m&#7897t m&ocirc; h&igrave;nh con &#273&#432&#7901ng c&oacute; s&#7861n &#273&#7875 v&#7853n d&#7909ng v&agrave;o Vi&#7879t Nam. M&#7863c d&ugrave; Lu&#7853n c&#432&#417ng c&#7911a L&ecirc;nin c&#361ng nh&#432 nh&#7919ng quan &#273i&#7875m c&#7911a Qu&#7889c t&#7871 C&#7897ng s&#7843n v&agrave; &#272&#7843ng C&#7897ng s&#7843n Ph&aacute;p c&oacute; v&#7883 tr&iacute; quan tr&#7885ng trong &quot;con &#273&#432&#7901ng c&#7913u n&#432&#7899c&quot; m&agrave; H&#7891 Ch&iacute; Minh t&igrave;m &#273&#7871n; song ch&#7881 ng&#7847n &#7845y th&ocirc;i, ch&#432a ph&#7843i l&agrave; con &#273&#432&#7901ng c&#7913u n&#432&#7899c H&#7891 Ch&iacute; Minh, b&#7903i l&#7869 &#273&oacute; ch&#7881 l&agrave; nh&#7919ng nguy&ecirc;n t&#7855c l&yacute; lu&#7853n, &#273&#7883nh h&#432&#7899ng mang t&iacute;nh ph&#7893 bi&#7871n. Con &#273&#432&#7901ng c&#7913u n&#432&#7899c H&#7891 Ch&iacute; Minh l&agrave; s&#7921 v&#7853n d&#7909ng s&aacute;ng t&#7841o nh&#7919ng nguy&ecirc;n t&#7855c, quan &#273i&#7875m &#7845y v&agrave;o ho&agrave;n c&#7843nh c&#7909 th&#7875 c&#7911a c&aacute;ch m&#7841ng Vi&#7879t Nam. V&igrave; v&#7853y, th&#7855ng l&#7907i c&#7911a c&aacute;ch m&#7841ng gi&#7843i ph&oacute;ng d&acirc;n t&#7897c Vi&#7879t Nam<span>&nbsp; </span>kh&ocirc;ng ch&#7881 &#273&#432&#7907c t&#7841o ra b&#7903i t&aacute;c &#273&#7897ng m&#7841nh m&#7869 c&#7911a<span>&nbsp; </span>b&#7889i c&#7843nh l&#7883ch s&#7917 m&agrave; c&ograve;n b&#7903i nh&#7919ng &#273&oacute;ng g&oacute;p &#273&#7847y s&aacute;ng t&#7841o c&#7911a H&#7891 Ch&iacute; Minh. Th&#7855ng l&#7907i c&ocirc;ng cu&#7897c gi&#7843i ph&oacute;ng &#7903 Vi&#7879t Nam &#273&atilde; m&#7903 &#273&#7847u cho s&#7921 s&#7909p &#273&#7893 c&#7911a ch&#7911 ngh&#297a th&#7921c d&acirc;n tr&ecirc;n ph&#7841m vi th&#7871 gi&#7899i. &#272&oacute; t&aacute;c &#273&#7897ng tr&#7903 l&#7841i c&#7911a c&aacute;ch m&#7841ng Vi&#7879t Nam v&#7899i th&#7871 gi&#7899i, d&#7845u &#7845n c&#7911a H&#7891 Ch&iacute; Minh v&#7899i th&#7901i &#273&#7841i. Do &#273&oacute;, th&#7871 gi&#7899i &#273&atilde; t&ocirc;n vinh H&#7891 Ch&iacute; Minh l&agrave; Anh h&ugrave;ng gi&#7843i ph&oacute;ng d&acirc;n t&#7897c, Danh nh&acirc;n v&#259n ho&aacute; ki&#7879t xu&#7845t Vi&#7879t Nam./. </span></font></p> <font size="2" face="Arial"><br /> </font> <hr width="33%" size="1" /> <p class="MsoFootnoteText"><font size="2" face="Arial"><a name="_ftn1" href="http://dangcongsan.vn/cpv/Modules/News/NewsDetail.aspx?co_id=30257&amp;cn_id=458733#_ftnref1" title=""><span class="MsoFootnoteReference"><span><span class="MsoFootnoteReference"><span style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: '.VnTime'">[1]</span></span></span></span></a>. <span style="FONT-FAMILY: Arial">H&#7891 Ch&iacute; Minh To&agrave;n t&#7853p, Nxb.CTQG, H.1996,T1,tr.314</span></font></p> <p class="MsoFootnoteText"><font size="2" face="Arial"><a name="_ftn2" href="http://dangcongsan.vn/cpv/Modules/News/NewsDetail.aspx?co_id=30257&amp;cn_id=458733#_ftnref2" title=""><span class="MsoFootnoteReference"><span style="FONT-FAMILY: Arial"><span><span class="MsoFootnoteReference"><span style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: Arial">[2]</span></span></span></span></span></a><span style="FONT-FAMILY: Arial">.D&#7851n theo b&aacute;o Nh&acirc;n D&acirc;n, ng&agrave;y 18 th&aacute;ng 5 n&#259m 1965</span></font></p> <p class="MsoFootnoteText"><font size="2" face="Arial"><a name="_ftn3" href="http://dangcongsan.vn/cpv/Modules/News/NewsDetail.aspx?co_id=30257&amp;cn_id=458733#_ftnref3" title=""><span class="MsoFootnoteReference"><span><span class="MsoFootnoteReference"><span style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: '.VnTime'">[3]</span></span></span></span></a><span>&nbsp; </span><span style="FONT-FAMILY: Arial">Tr&#7847n D&acirc;n Ti&ecirc;n: Nh&#7919ng m&#7849u chuy&#7879n v&#7873 &#273&#7901i ho&#7841t &#273&#7897ng c&#7911a H&#7891 Ch&#7911 t&#7883ch, Nxb.CTQG-Nxb.TN,H.1994,tr.12</span></font></p> <p class="MsoFootnoteText"><font size="2" face="Arial"><a name="_ftn4" href="http://dangcongsan.vn/cpv/Modules/News/NewsDetail.aspx?co_id=30257&amp;cn_id=458733#_ftnref4" title=""><span class="MsoFootnoteReference"><span><span class="MsoFootnoteReference"><span style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: '.VnTime'">[4]</span></span></span></span></a> . <span style="FONT-FAMILY: Arial">H&#7891 Ch&iacute; Minh To&agrave;n t&#7853p,Nxb. CTQG, H.1995,t.1,tr.477</span></font></p> <p class="MsoFootnoteText"><font size="2" face="Arial"><a name="_ftn5" href="http://dangcongsan.vn/cpv/Modules/News/NewsDetail.aspx?co_id=30257&amp;cn_id=458733#_ftnref5" title=""><span class="MsoFootnoteReference"><span style="FONT-FAMILY: Arial"><span><span class="MsoFootnoteReference"><span style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: Arial">[5]</span></span></span></span></span></a><span style="FONT-FAMILY: Arial"><span>&nbsp; </span>Tr&#7847n D&acirc;n Ti&ecirc;n: Nh&#7919ng m&#7849u chuy&#7879n..., S&#273d,tr.12</span></font></p> <p class="MsoFootnoteText"><font size="2" face="Arial"><a name="_ftn6" href="http://dangcongsan.vn/cpv/Modules/News/NewsDetail.aspx?co_id=30257&amp;cn_id=458733#_ftnref6" title=""><span class="MsoFootnoteReference"><span><span class="MsoFootnoteReference"><span style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: '.VnTime'">[6]</span></span></span></span></a> <span style="FONT-FAMILY: Arial">Xem: H&#7891 Ch&iacute; Minh To&agrave;n t&#7853p, Nxb.CTQG,H.1995,t1,tr.273-289</span></font></p> <p class="MsoFootnoteText"><font size="2" face="Arial"><a name="_ftn7" href="http://dangcongsan.vn/cpv/Modules/News/NewsDetail.aspx?co_id=30257&amp;cn_id=458733#_ftnref7" title=""><span class="MsoFootnoteReference"><span><span class="MsoFootnoteReference"><span style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: '.VnTime'">[7]</span></span></span></span></a>. <span style="FONT-FAMILY: Arial">H&#7891 Ch&iacute; Minh, Bi&ecirc;n ni&ecirc;n ti&#7875u s&#7917, Nxb. Ch&iacute;nh tr&#7883 qu&#7889c gia, H&agrave; N&#7897i, 2006, tr. 40-50</span></font></p> <p class="MsoFootnoteText"><font size="2" face="Arial"><a name="_ftn8" href="http://dangcongsan.vn/cpv/Modules/News/NewsDetail.aspx?co_id=30257&amp;cn_id=458733#_ftnref8" title=""><span class="MsoFootnoteReference"><span style="FONT-FAMILY: Arial"><span><span class="MsoFootnoteReference"><span style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: Arial">[8]</span></span></span></span></span></a><span style="FONT-FAMILY: Arial"><span>&nbsp; </span>Tr&#7847n D&acirc;n Ti&ecirc;n: Nh&#7919ng m&#7849u chuy&#7879n...S&#273d, tr.41-42</span></font></p> <p class="MsoFootnoteText"><font size="2" face="Arial"><a name="_ftn9" href="http://dangcongsan.vn/cpv/Modules/News/NewsDetail.aspx?co_id=30257&amp;cn_id=458733#_ftnref9" title=""><span class="MsoFootnoteReference"><span style="FONT-FAMILY: Arial"><span><span class="MsoFootnoteReference"><span style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: Arial">[9]</span></span></span></span></span></a><span style="FONT-FAMILY: Arial"> Tr&#7847n D&acirc;n Ti&ecirc;n: Nh&#7919ng m&#7849u chuy&#7879n...S&#273d,tr.31</span></font></p> <p class="MsoFootnoteText"><font size="2" face="Arial"><a name="_ftn10" href="http://dangcongsan.vn/cpv/Modules/News/NewsDetail.aspx?co_id=30257&amp;cn_id=458733#_ftnref10" title=""><span class="MsoFootnoteReference"><span><span class="MsoFootnoteReference"><span style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: '.VnTime'">[10]</span></span></span></span></a> <span style="FONT-FAMILY: Arial">H&#7891 Ch&iacute; Minh To&agrave;n t&#7853p, S&#273d,t. 10 tr.127</span></font></p> <p class="MsoFootnoteText"><font size="2" face="Arial"><a name="_ftn11" href="http://dangcongsan.vn/cpv/Modules/News/NewsDetail.aspx?co_id=30257&amp;cn_id=458733#_ftnref11" title=""><span class="MsoFootnoteReference"><span style="FONT-FAMILY: Arial"><span><span class="MsoFootnoteReference"><span style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: Arial">[11]</span></span></span></span></span></a><span style="FONT-FAMILY: Arial"> H&#7891 Ch&iacute; Minh To&agrave;n t&#7853p, S&#273d,t12,tr.471</span></font></p> <p class="MsoFootnoteText"><font size="2" face="Arial"><a name="_ftn12" href="http://dangcongsan.vn/cpv/Modules/News/NewsDetail.aspx?co_id=30257&amp;cn_id=458733#_ftnref12" title=""><span class="MsoFootnoteReference"><span><span class="MsoFootnoteReference"><span style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: '.VnTime'">[12]</span></span></span></span></a> <span style="FONT-FAMILY: Arial">H&#7891 Ch&iacute; Minh To&agrave;n t&#7853p, S&#273d,t.1 tr.192</span></font></p> <p class="MsoFootnoteText"><font size="2" face="Arial"><a name="_ftn13" href="http://dangcongsan.vn/cpv/Modules/News/NewsDetail.aspx?co_id=30257&amp;cn_id=458733#_ftnref13" title=""><span class="MsoFootnoteReference"><span><span class="MsoFootnoteReference"><span style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: '.VnTime'">[13]</span></span></span></span></a> <span style="FONT-FAMILY: Arial">H&#7891 Ch&iacute; Minh to&agrave;n t&#7853p, S&#273d,t.1,tr.266</span></font></p> <p class="MsoFootnoteText"><font size="2" face="Arial"><a name="_ftn14" href="http://dangcongsan.vn/cpv/Modules/News/NewsDetail.aspx?co_id=30257&amp;cn_id=458733#_ftnref14" title=""><span class="MsoFootnoteReference"><span style="FONT-FAMILY: Arial"><span><span class="MsoFootnoteReference"><span style="FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: Arial">[14]</span></span></span></span></span></a><span style="FONT-FAMILY: Arial"> H&#7891 Ch&iacute; Minh-Bi&ecirc;n ni&ecirc;n ti&#7875u s&#7917, xu&#7845t b&#7843n l&#7847n th&#7913 2,Nxb.CTQG, H.2006,t.2,tr.63</span></font></p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td align="left"> <p style="margin-top: 5; margin-bottom: 5; margin-left: 20; font-family: Arial; font-size: 10pt;"><b>C&aacute;c t&#7915 kh&oacute;a theo tin:</b> <b style="color: Red"> </b></p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td align="right" style="padding-right: 5px; font-weight: bold;">PGS.TS L&ecirc; V&#259n T&iacute;ch (H&#7885c vi&#7879n CT-HC Qu&#7889c gia H&#7891 Ch&iacute; Minh)</td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> </html>

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