Tư tưởng Hồ Chí Minh về phong cách công tác của cán bộ

<html> <head> <meta http-equiv='Content-Type' content='text/html; charset=utf-8'> <title> </title> </head> <div style="text-align: center;"><span style="color: rgb(0, 0, 255);"><strong><span style="font-size: small;">T&#432 t&#432&#7903ng H&#7891 Ch&iacute; Minh v&#7873 phong c&aacute;ch c&ocirc;ng t&aacute;c c&#7911a c&aacute;n b&#7897</span></strong></span><span style="font-size: small;"><br /> </span><span style="font-size: small;"><br /> </span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><br /> </span></div> <table cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" align="left" style="width: 204px; height: 114px;"> <tbody> <tr> <td style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><img alt="" style="width: 235px; height: 171px;" src="Bac%20Ho.jpg" /><br /> </span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <div style="text-align: justify;"><em><strong><span style="font-size: small;">Trong t&#432 t&#432&#7903ng H&#7891 Ch&iacute; Minh v&#7873 c&aacute;n b&#7897, v&#7845n &#273&#7873 phong c&aacute;ch c&ocirc;ng t&aacute;c &#273&#432&#7907c Ng&#432&#7901i r&#7845t coi tr&#7885ng. Theo Ng&#432&#7901i, phong c&aacute;ch c&ocirc;ng t&aacute;c c&#7911a c&aacute;n b&#7897 c&oacute; nhi&#7873u n&#7897i dung, song t&#7853p trung ch&#7911 y&#7871u &#7903 phong c&aacute;ch d&acirc;n ch&#7911, phong c&aacute;ch khoa h&#7885c v&agrave; s&#7921 th&#7889ng nh&#7845t gi&#7919a l&yacute; lu&#7853n v&#7899i th&#7921c ti&#7877n, n&oacute;i &#273i &#273&ocirc;i v&#7899i l&agrave;m.<br /> </span></strong></em></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"><em><strong>&nbsp;</strong></em></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"><em><strong>&nbsp;</strong></em></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"><em><strong>&nbsp;</strong></em></div> <div style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;<span style="font-size: small;"><br /> </span><strong><span style="font-size: small;">Phong c&aacute;ch d&acirc;n ch&#7911</span></strong></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><br /> Phong c&aacute;ch d&acirc;n ch&#7911, hay &ldquo;c&aacute;ch l&agrave;m vi&#7879c d&acirc;n ch&#7911&rdquo; l&agrave; n&#7897i dung quan tr&#7885ng h&agrave;ng &#273&#7847u trong t&#432 t&#432&#7903ng H&#7891 Ch&iacute; Minh v&#7873 phong c&aacute;ch c&ocirc;ng t&aacute;c. C&#417 s&#7903 c&#7911a phong c&aacute;ch d&acirc;n ch&#7911 l&agrave; t&ocirc;n tr&#7885ng quy&#7873n l&agrave;m ch&#7911 c&#7911a nh&acirc;n d&acirc;n, m&#7897t l&ograve;ng m&#7897t d&#7841 ph&#7909c v&#7909 nh&acirc;n d&acirc;n, bi&#7871t l&#7855ng nghe &yacute; ki&#7871n c&#7911a d&acirc;n, quan h&#7879 t&#7889t v&#7899i d&acirc;n, h&#7885c h&#7887i d&acirc;n. <br /> <br /> H&#7891 Ch&iacute; Minh lu&ocirc;n kh&#7859ng &#273&#7883nh ch&#7871 &#273&#7897 ta &ldquo;d&acirc;n l&agrave; ch&#7911&rdquo; v&agrave; khi d&acirc;n l&agrave; ch&#7911 th&igrave; c&aacute;ch l&atilde;nh &#273&#7841o ph&#7843i d&acirc;n ch&#7911. Ng&#432&#7901i n&oacute;i: kh&ocirc;ng m&#7897t ng&#432&#7901i n&agrave;o c&oacute; th&#7875 hi&#7875u &#273&#432&#7907c m&#7885i th&#7913, l&agrave;m h&#7871t &#273&#432&#7907c m&#7885i vi&#7879c. Ngay &#273&#7871n anh h&ugrave;ng l&atilde;nh t&#7909 c&#361ng v&#7853y. &#272em so v&#7899i c&ocirc;ng vi&#7879c c&#7911a c&#7843 lo&agrave;i ng&#432&#7901i tr&ecirc;n th&#7871 gi&#7899i, th&igrave; nh&#7919ng ng&#432&#7901i &#273&#7841i anh h&ugrave;ng x&#432a nay c&#361ng ch&#7859ng qua l&agrave;m tr&ograve;n m&#7897t b&#7897 ph&#7853n m&agrave; th&ocirc;i. Do v&#7853y, Ng&#432&#7901i y&ecirc;u c&#7847u m&#7895i c&aacute;n b&#7897 ph&#7843i bi&#7871t c&aacute;ch t&#7853p h&#7907p &#273&#432&#7907c t&agrave;i n&#259ng, tr&iacute; tu&#7879 c&#7911a nhi&#7873u ng&#432&#7901i, c&#7911a t&#7853p th&#7875 &#273&#7875 ph&#7845n &#273&#7845u cho m&#7909c ti&ecirc;u chung. M&agrave; mu&#7889n l&agrave;m &#273&#432&#7907c nh&#432 v&#7853y, ph&#7843i t&#7841o ra &#273&#432&#7907c m&#7897t kh&ocirc;ng kh&iacute; d&acirc;n ch&#7911 th&#7921c s&#7921 trong n&#7897i b&#7897. Trong t&#432 t&#432&#7903ng H&#7891 Ch&iacute; Minh, th&#7921c h&agrave;nh d&acirc;n ch&#7911 l&agrave; ch&igrave;a kho&aacute; v&#7841n n&#259ng c&oacute; th&#7875 gi&#7843i quy&#7871t m&#7885i v&#7845n &#273&#7873. Ng&#432&#7901i vi&#7871t: &ldquo;D&acirc;n ch&#7911, s&aacute;ng ki&#7871n, h&#259ng h&aacute;i, ba &#273i&#7873u &#273&oacute; r&#7845t quan h&#7879 v&#7899i nhau. C&oacute; d&acirc;n ch&#7911 m&#7899i l&agrave;m cho c&aacute;n b&#7897 v&agrave; qu&#7847n ch&uacute;ng &#273&#7873 ra s&aacute;ng ki&#7871n. Nh&#7919ng s&aacute;ng ki&#7871n &#273&oacute; &#273&#432&#7907c khen ng&#7907i, th&igrave; nh&#7919ng ng&#432&#7901i &#273&oacute; c&agrave;ng th&ecirc;m h&#259ng h&aacute;i, v&agrave; ng&#432&#7901i kh&aacute;c c&#361ng h&#7885c theo. V&agrave;, trong khi t&#259ng th&ecirc;m s&aacute;ng ki&#7871n v&agrave; h&#259ng h&aacute;i l&agrave;m vi&#7879c, th&igrave; nh&#7919ng khuy&#7871t &#273i&#7875m l&#7863t v&#7863t, c&#361ng t&#7921 s&#7917a ch&#7919a &#273&#432&#7907c nhi&#7873u&rdquo; (1).<br /> <br /> Tuy nhi&ecirc;n, phong c&aacute;ch d&acirc;n ch&#7911 kh&ocirc;ng c&oacute; ngh&#297a l&agrave; m&#7841nh ai n&#7845y l&agrave;m m&agrave; ph&#7843i tu&acirc;n th&#7911 ch&#7863t ch&#7869 nguy&ecirc;n t&#7855c &ldquo;t&#7853p th&#7875 l&atilde;nh &#273&#7841o, c&aacute; nh&acirc;n ph&#7909 tr&aacute;ch&rdquo;, hay c&ograve;n g&#7885i l&agrave; nguy&ecirc;n t&#7855c &ldquo;d&acirc;n ch&#7911 t&#7853p trung&rdquo;. <br /> <br /> &#272&#7889i l&#7853p v&#7899i phong c&aacute;ch d&acirc;n ch&#7911 l&agrave; phong c&aacute;ch quan li&ecirc;u. H&#7891 Ch&iacute; Minh k&#7883ch li&#7879t ph&ecirc; ph&aacute;n nh&#7919ng c&aacute;n b&#7897 quan li&ecirc;u, nh&#7919ng ng&#432&#7901i &ldquo;mi&#7879ng th&igrave; n&oacute;i d&acirc;n ch&#7911, nh&#432ng l&agrave;m vi&#7879c th&igrave; h&#7885 theo l&#7889i &ldquo;quan&rdquo; ch&#7911. Mi&#7879ng th&igrave; n&oacute;i &ldquo;ph&#7909ng s&#7921 qu&#7847n ch&uacute;ng&rdquo; nh&#432ng h&#7885 l&agrave;m tr&aacute;i ng&#432&#7907c v&#7899i l&#7907i &iacute;ch qu&#7847n ch&uacute;ng, tr&aacute;i ng&#432&#7907c v&#7899i ph&#432&#417ng ch&acirc;m v&agrave; ch&iacute;nh s&aacute;ch c&#7911a &#272&#7843ng v&agrave; Ch&iacute;nh ph&#7911&rdquo; (2).<br /> <br /> &#272&#7875 ch&#7919a c&#259n b&#7879nh quan li&ecirc;u, Ng&#432&#7901i khuy&ecirc;n c&aacute;n b&#7897 ph&#7843i &ldquo;Theo &#273&uacute;ng &#273&#432&#7901ng l&#7889i nh&acirc;n d&acirc;n v&agrave; 6 &#273i&#7873u l&agrave;:<br /> <em><br /> &#272&#7863t l&#7907i &iacute;ch c&#7911a nh&acirc;n d&acirc;n l&ecirc;n tr&ecirc;n h&#7871t;<br /> <br /> Li&ecirc;n h&#7879 ch&#7863t ch&#7869 v&#7899i nh&acirc;n d&acirc;n;<br /> <br /> Vi&#7879c g&igrave; c&#361ng b&agrave;n b&#7841c v&#7899i nh&acirc;n d&acirc;n, gi&#7843i th&iacute;ch cho nh&acirc;n d&acirc;n hi&#7875u r&otilde;;<br /> <br /> C&oacute; khuy&#7871t &#273i&#7875m th&igrave; th&#7853t th&agrave; t&#7921 ph&ecirc; b&igrave;nh tr&#432&#7899c nh&acirc;n d&acirc;n, v&agrave; hoan ngh&ecirc;nh nh&acirc;n d&acirc;n ph&ecirc; b&igrave;nh m&igrave;nh;<br /> <br /> S&#7861n s&agrave;ng h&#7885c h&#7887i nh&acirc;n d&acirc;n;<br /> <br /> T&#7921 m&igrave;nh ph&#7843i l&agrave;m g&#432&#417ng m&#7851u c&#7847n ki&#7879m li&ecirc;m ch&iacute;nh &#273&#7875 nh&acirc;n d&acirc;n noi theo&rdquo;(3).</em><br /> <strong><br /> Phong c&aacute;ch khoa h&#7885c<br /> </strong><br /> Phong c&aacute;ch khoa h&#7885c, hay c&ograve;n g&#7885i l&agrave; &ldquo;c&aacute;ch l&agrave;m vi&#7879c c&oacute; khoa h&#7885c&rdquo; c&#361ng l&agrave; v&#7845n &#273&#7873 &#273&#432&#7907c H&#7891 Ch&iacute; Minh &#273&#7863c bi&#7879t ch&uacute; &yacute;. Ng&#432&#7901i th&#432&#7901ng xuy&ecirc;n nh&#7855c nh&#7903, y&ecirc;u c&#7847u c&aacute;n b&#7897 ph&#7843i t&#7921 r&egrave;n luy&#7879n &#273&#7875 c&oacute; &#273&#432&#7907c phong c&aacute;ch n&agrave;y. Phong c&aacute;ch khoa h&#7885c &#273&ograve;i h&#7887i ph&#7843i &#273&#432&#7907c th&#7875 hi&#7879n t&#7915 l&uacute;c ra quy&#7871t &#273&#7883nh, t&#7899i vi&#7879c t&#7893 ch&#7913c th&#7921c hi&#7879n quy&#7871t &#273&#7883nh v&agrave; ki&#7875m tra, &#273&ocirc;n &#273&#7889c vi&#7879c th&#7921c hi&#7879n quy&#7871t &#273&#7883nh.<br /> <br /> Phong c&aacute;ch khoa h&#7885c &#273&ograve;i h&#7887i ng&#432&#7901i c&aacute;n b&#7897 l&agrave;m vi&#7879c g&igrave; c&#361ng ph&#7843i c&oacute; k&#7871 ho&#7841ch v&agrave; c&oacute; m&#7909c &#273&iacute;ch. Ng&#432&#7901i n&oacute;i: &ldquo;&#272&iacute;ch ngh&#297a l&agrave; nh&#7857m v&agrave;o &#273&oacute; m&agrave; b&#7855n. Nhi&#7873u &#273&iacute;ch qu&aacute; th&igrave; lo&#7841n m&#7855t, kh&ocirc;ng b&#7855n tr&uacute;ng &#273&iacute;ch n&agrave;o&rdquo;(4). Ng&#432&#7901i ph&ecirc; ph&aacute;n nh&#7919ng c&aacute;n b&#7897 v&#7841ch ra &ldquo;ch&#432&#417ng tr&igrave;nh c&ocirc;ng t&aacute;c th&igrave; qu&aacute; r&#7897ng r&atilde;i m&agrave; k&eacute;m thi&#7871t th&#7921c&rdquo;. Ng&#432&#7901i ch&#7881 r&otilde;, &#273&#7875 v&#7841ch k&#7871 ho&#7841ch m&#7897t c&aacute;ch th&#7921c s&#7921 khoa h&#7885c, ng&#432&#7901i c&aacute;n b&#7897 ph&#7843i &ldquo;x&eacute;t k&#7929 ho&agrave;n c&#7843nh m&agrave; x&#7871p &#273&#7863t c&ocirc;ng vi&#7879c cho &#273&uacute;ng. Vi&#7879c ch&iacute;nh, vi&#7879c g&#7845p th&igrave; l&agrave;m tr&#432&#7899c. Kh&ocirc;ng n&ecirc;n lu&#7897m thu&#7897m, kh&ocirc;ng c&oacute; k&#7871 ho&#7841ch, g&#7863p vi&#7879c n&agrave;o l&agrave;m vi&#7879c &#7845y, th&agrave;nh th&#7917 vi&#7879c n&agrave;o c&#361ng l&agrave; vi&#7879c ch&iacute;nh, l&#7897n x&#7897n, kh&ocirc;ng c&oacute; ng&#259n n&#7855p&rdquo; (5). M&#7897t vi&#7879c ch&iacute;nh c&oacute; th&#7875 c&oacute; nhi&#7873u c&aacute;ch th&#7921c hi&#7879n. V&#7899i &yacute; ngh&#297a &#273&oacute;, Ng&#432&#7901i y&ecirc;u c&#7847u c&aacute;n b&#7897: ch&#7911 tr&#432&#417ng m&#7897t, bi&#7879n ph&aacute;p m&#432&#7901i, quy&#7871t t&acirc;m ph&#7843i hai, ba m&#432&#417i. N&oacute;i quy&#7871t t&acirc;m ph&#7843i hai, ba m&#432&#417i, t&#7913c l&agrave; Ng&#432&#7901i y&ecirc;u c&#7847u c&aacute;n b&#7897 sau khi &#273&atilde; c&oacute; k&#7871 ho&#7841ch c&ocirc;ng t&aacute;c ph&#7843i c&oacute; quy&#7871t t&acirc;m th&#7921c hi&#7879n v&agrave; ph&#7843i th&#7921c hi&#7879n &#273&#7871n n&#417i &#273&#7871n ch&#7889n, kh&ocirc;ng &#273&#432&#7907c &#273&aacute;nh tr&#7889ng b&#7887 d&ugrave;i. Ng&#432&#7901i &#273&atilde; nhi&#7873u l&#7847n ph&ecirc; b&igrave;nh b&#7879nh h&#7919u danh v&ocirc; th&#7921c &#7903 kh&ocirc;ng &iacute;t c&aacute;n b&#7897 &ldquo;l&agrave;m vi&#7879c kh&ocirc;ng thi&#7871t th&#7921c&hellip; L&agrave;m cho c&oacute; chuy&#7879n, l&agrave;m l&#7845y r&#7891i. L&agrave;m &#273&#432&#7907c &iacute;t su&yacute;t ra nhi&#7873u, &#273&#7875 l&agrave;m m&#7897t b&#7843n b&aacute;o c&aacute;o cho oai, nh&#432ng x&eacute;t k&#7929 l&#7841i th&igrave; r&#7895ng tu&#7871ch&hellip; Th&#7871 l&agrave; d&#7889i tr&aacute; v&#7899i &#272&#7843ng, c&oacute; t&#7897i v&#7899i &#272&#7843ng. L&agrave;m vi&#7879c kh&ocirc;ng thi&#7871t th&#7921c, b&aacute;o c&aacute;o kh&ocirc;ng th&#7853t th&agrave; c&#361ng l&agrave; m&#7897t b&#7879nh r&#7845t nguy hi&#7875m&rdquo; (6).<br /> <br /> H&#7891 Ch&iacute; Minh khuy&ecirc;n c&aacute;n b&#7897, trong b&#7845t k&#7923 c&ocirc;ng vi&#7879c g&igrave; c&#361ng ph&#7843i hi&#7875u n&#259ng l&#7921c c&#7911a c&#7845p d&#432&#7899i m&agrave; b&#7889 tr&iacute;, s&#7917 d&#7909ng ng&#432&#7901i cho &#273&uacute;ng, ch&#7899 &ldquo;d&ugrave;ng th&#7907 m&#7897c l&agrave;m ngh&#7873 th&#7907 r&egrave;n&rdquo;. Khi giao c&ocirc;ng vi&#7879c cho c&#7845p d&#432&#7899i ph&#7843i r&otilde; r&agrave;ng &#273&#7847y &#273&#7911, ph&#7843i d&#7921 b&aacute;o &#273&#432&#7907c nh&#7919ng t&igrave;nh hu&#7889ng c&oacute; th&#7875 x&#7843y ra cho c&#7845p d&#432&#7899i v&agrave; ph&#7843i th&#432&#7901ng xuy&ecirc;n ki&#7875m tra &#273&ocirc;n &#273&#7889c vi&#7879c th&#7921c hi&#7879n c&#7911a c&#7845p d&#432&#7899i. Ch&iacute;nh L&ecirc;nin c&#361ng ch&#7881 ra r&#7857ng, l&atilde;nh &#273&#7841o m&agrave; kh&ocirc;ng ki&#7875m tra c&oacute; ngh&#297a l&agrave; kh&ocirc;ng l&atilde;nh &#273&#7841o. H&#7891 Ch&iacute; Minh c&#361ng h&#417n m&#7897t l&#7847n ph&ecirc; b&igrave;nh t&igrave;nh tr&#7841ng &ldquo;c&aacute;n b&#7897 l&atilde;nh &#273&#7841o ch&#7881 lo khai h&#7897i v&agrave; th&#7843o ngh&#7883 quy&#7871t, &#273&aacute;nh &#273i&#7879n v&agrave; g&#7917i ch&#7881 th&#7883, sau &#273&oacute; th&igrave; h&#7885 kh&ocirc;ng bi&#7871t g&igrave; &#273&#7871n nh&#7919ng ngh&#7883 quy&#7871t &#273&oacute; &#273&atilde; th&#7921c h&agrave;nh &#273&#7871n &#273&acirc;u, c&oacute; nh&#7919ng s&#7921 kh&oacute; kh&#259n tr&#7903 ng&#7841i g&igrave;, d&acirc;n ch&uacute;ng c&oacute; ra s&#7913c tham gia hay kh&ocirc;ng. H&#7885 qu&ecirc;n m&#7845t ki&#7875m tra. &#272&oacute; l&agrave; m&#7897t sai l&#7847m r&#7845t to l&#7899n. V&igrave; th&#7871 n&ecirc;n c&oacute; c&aacute;n b&#7897 &ldquo;&#273&#7847y t&uacute;i qu&#7847n th&ocirc;ng c&aacute;o, &#273&#7847y t&uacute;i &aacute;o ch&#7881 th&#7883&rdquo; m&agrave; c&ocirc;ng vi&#7879c v&#7851n kh&ocirc;ng ch&#7841y&rdquo; (7).Phong c&aacute;ch khoa h&#7885c c&ograve;n &#273&ograve;i h&#7887i ng&#432&#7901i c&aacute;n b&#7897 sau m&#7895i m&#7897t vi&#7879c c&#7847n ph&#7843i r&uacute;t kinh nghi&#7879m t&#7853n g&#7889c, r&#7891i ph&#7893 bi&#7871n nh&#7919ng kinh nghi&#7879m &#7845y cho t&#7845t c&#7843 c&aacute;n b&#7897 v&agrave; cho d&acirc;n ch&uacute;ng hi&#7875u. M&#7895i c&aacute;n b&#7897 ph&#7843i h&#7885c h&#7887i nh&#7919ng kinh nghi&#7879m hay, tr&aacute;nh nh&#7919ng kinh nghi&#7879m d&#7903, &aacute;p d&#7909ng nh&#7919ng kinh nghi&#7879m c&#361 v&agrave;o nh&#7919ng c&ocirc;ng vi&#7879c m&#7899i. H&#7891 Ch&iacute; Minh &#273&atilde; ph&ecirc; ph&aacute;n l&#7889i l&agrave;m vi&#7879c &ldquo;kh&ocirc;ng bi&#7871t nghi&ecirc;n c&#7913u &#273&#7871n n&#417i &#273&#7871n ch&#7889n&hellip;, &#273&#7875 m&agrave; h&#7885c h&#7887i kinh nghi&#7879m, &#273&#7875 m&agrave; &#273&#7863t ra khu&ocirc;n ph&eacute;p cho c&ocirc;ng vi&#7879c kh&aacute;c. Th&agrave;nh th&#7917, nh&#7919ng c&aacute;i t&#7889t, hay &#273&#7873u kh&ocirc;ng ph&aacute;t tri&#7875n &#273&#432&#7907c. V&agrave; c&ocirc;ng vi&#7879c xong r&#7891i l&agrave; th&ocirc;i, c&aacute;n b&#7897 kh&ocirc;ng h&#7885c h&#7887i &#273&#432&#7907c kinh nghi&#7879m g&igrave;, m&agrave; c&#361ng kh&ocirc;ng ti&#7871n b&#7897 &#273&#432&#7907c m&#7845y&rdquo;(8). Ng&#432&#7901i khuy&ecirc;n &ldquo;c&ocirc;ng vi&#7879c g&igrave; b&#7845t c&#7913 th&agrave;nh c&ocirc;ng hay th&#7845t b&#7841i ch&uacute;ng ta c&#7847n nghi&ecirc;n c&#7913u &#273&#7871n t&#7853n c&#7897i r&#7877, ph&acirc;n t&iacute;ch th&#7853t r&otilde; r&agrave;ng r&#7891i k&#7871t lu&#7853n. K&#7871t lu&#7853n &#273&oacute; s&#7869 l&agrave; c&aacute;i ch&igrave;a kho&aacute; ph&aacute;t tri&#7875n c&ocirc;ng vi&#7879c v&agrave; &#273&#7875 gi&uacute;p cho c&aacute;n b&#7897 ti&#7871n t&#7899i&rdquo; (9).<br /> <br /> Th&#7889ng nh&#7845t gi&#7919a l&yacute; lu&#7853n v&agrave; th&#7921c ti&#7877n, n&oacute;i &#273i &#273&ocirc;i v&#7899i l&agrave;m<br /> <br /> L&agrave; c&aacute;n b&#7897 d&#7913t kho&aacute;t ph&#7843i c&oacute; l&yacute; lu&#7853n. D&#7851n l&#7901i c&#7911a L&ecirc;nin, H&#7891 Ch&iacute; Minh ch&#7881 r&otilde;, kh&ocirc;ng c&oacute; l&yacute; lu&#7853n c&aacute;ch m&#7841ng th&igrave; kh&ocirc;ng c&oacute; phong tr&agrave;o c&aacute;ch m&#7841ng. Ch&iacute;nh v&igrave; v&#7853y, H&#7891 Ch&iacute; Minh r&#7845t quan t&acirc;m t&#7899i vi&#7879c gi&aacute;o d&#7909c l&yacute; lu&#7853n cho c&aacute;n b&#7897. Nh&#7845n m&#7841nh vai tr&ograve; c&#7911a l&yacute; lu&#7853n, Ng&#432&#7901i ch&#7881 r&otilde;: &ldquo;L&yacute; lu&#7853n nh&#432 c&aacute;i kim ch&#7881 nam, n&oacute; ch&#7881 ph&#432&#417ng h&#432&#7899ng cho ch&uacute;ng ta trong c&ocirc;ng vi&#7879c th&#7921c t&#7871&rdquo; (10). Ng&#432&#7901i ch&#7881 r&otilde; nguy&ecirc;n nh&acirc;n c&#7911a c&#259n b&#7879nh ch&#7911 quan, duy &yacute; ch&iacute; &#7903 m&#7897t s&#7889 c&aacute;n b&#7897 l&agrave; do &ldquo;k&eacute;m l&yacute; lu&#7853n, ho&#7863c khinh l&yacute; lu&#7853n, ho&#7863c l&yacute; lu&#7853n su&ocirc;ng&rdquo; v&agrave; &ldquo;v&igrave; k&eacute;m l&yacute; lu&#7853n, cho n&ecirc;n g&#7863p m&#7885i vi&#7879c kh&ocirc;ng bi&#7871t xem x&eacute;t cho r&otilde;, c&acirc;n nh&#7855c cho &#273&uacute;ng, x&#7917 tr&iacute; cho kh&eacute;o. Kh&ocirc;ng bi&#7871t nh&#7853n r&otilde; &#273i&#7873u ki&#7879n ho&agrave;n c&#7843nh kh&aacute;ch quan, &yacute; m&igrave;nh ngh&#297 th&#7871 n&agrave;o l&agrave;m th&#7871 &#7845y. K&#7871t qu&#7843 th&#432&#7901ng th&#7845t b&#7841i&rdquo; (11). Ng&#432&#7901i khuy&ecirc;n m&#7895i c&aacute;n b&#7897 c&#7847n ph&#7843i kh&ocirc;ng ng&#7915ng trau d&#7891i l&yacute; lu&#7853n, g&#7855n h&#7885c t&#7853p nghi&ecirc;n c&#7913u l&yacute; lu&#7853n v&#7899i c&ocirc;ng vi&#7879c th&#7921c t&#7871 c&#7911a m&igrave;nh, v&igrave; &ldquo;l&yacute; lu&#7853n nh&#432 c&aacute;i t&ecirc;n (ho&#7863c vi&ecirc;n &#273&#7841n). Th&#7921c h&agrave;nh c&#361ng nh&#432 c&aacute;i &#273&iacute;ch &#273&#7875 b&#7855n. C&oacute; t&ecirc;n m&agrave; kh&ocirc;ng b&#7855n, ho&#7863c b&#7855n lung tung, c&#361ng nh&#432 kh&ocirc;ng c&oacute; t&ecirc;n&rdquo;.<br /> <br /> S&#7913c thuy&#7871t ph&#7909c, s&#7921 l&ocirc;i cu&#7889n c&#7911a c&aacute;n b&#7897 v&#7899i c&#7845p d&#432&#7899i, nh&#7919ng ng&#432&#7901i d&#432&#7899i quy&#7873n m&igrave;nh v&agrave; v&#7899i qu&#7847n ch&uacute;ng nh&acirc;n d&acirc;n c&ograve;n &#7903 phong c&aacute;ch l&#7901i n&oacute;i &#273i &#273&ocirc;i v&#7899i vi&#7879c l&agrave;m, &ldquo;n&oacute;i l&agrave; ph&#7843i l&agrave;m&rdquo;. <br /> <br /> N&oacute;i &#273i &#273&ocirc;i v&#7899i l&agrave;m kh&ocirc;ng ch&#7881 l&agrave; m&#7897t chu&#7849n m&#7921c h&agrave;nh vi &#273&#7841o &#273&#7913c truy&#7873n th&#7889ng c&#7911a d&acirc;n t&#7897c ta m&agrave; c&ograve;n l&agrave; m&#7897t nguy&ecirc;n t&#7855c c&#417 b&#7843n c&#7911a h&#7885c thuy&#7871t M&aacute;c. L&yacute; lu&#7853n g&#7855n li&#7873n v&#7899i th&#7921c ti&#7877n &#273&#432&#7907c H&#7891 Ch&iacute; Minh r&#7845t coi tr&#7885ng. Ng&#432&#7901i khuy&ecirc;n c&aacute;n b&#7897 mu&#7889n t&#7853p h&#7907p, tuy&ecirc;n truy&#7873n c&#7845p d&#432&#7899i, t&#7921 m&igrave;nh ph&#7843i &ldquo;mi&#7879ng n&oacute;i tay l&agrave;m, l&agrave;m g&#432&#417ng cho ng&#432&#7901i kh&aacute;c&rdquo;. Ng&#432&#7901i ch&#7881 r&otilde;: v&#7899i nh&#7919ng c&aacute;n b&#7897 &ldquo;mi&#7879ng th&igrave; tuy&ecirc;n truy&#7873n b&#7843o ng&#432&#7901i ta si&ecirc;ng l&agrave;m m&agrave; t&#7921 m&igrave;nh th&igrave; &#259n tr&#432a ng&#7911 tr&#7877, b&#7843o ng&#432&#7901i ta ti&#7871t ki&#7879m m&agrave; t&#7921 m&igrave;nh th&igrave; xa x&#7881, lung tung, th&igrave; tuy&ecirc;n truy&#7873n h&agrave;ng tr&#259m n&#259m c&#361ng v&ocirc; &iacute;ch&rdquo; (12). &#272&oacute; l&agrave; nh&#7919ng c&aacute;n b&#7897 h&#7887ng. C&ograve;n v&#7899i nh&#7919ng c&aacute;n b&#7897 ch&#7881 bi&#7871t n&oacute;i su&ocirc;ng, &ldquo;ch&#7881 bi&#7871t n&oacute;i l&agrave; n&oacute;i, n&oacute;i gi&#7901 n&agrave;y qua gi&#7901 kh&aacute;c, ng&agrave;y n&agrave;y qua ng&agrave;y kh&aacute;c, nh&#432ng m&#7897t vi&#7879c g&igrave; thi&#7871t th&#7921c c&#361ng kh&ocirc;ng l&agrave;m &#273&#432&#7907c&rdquo;, nh&#7919ng ng&#432&#7901i nh&#432 th&#7871 tuy l&agrave; th&#7853t th&agrave;, trung th&agrave;nh nh&#432ng kh&ocirc;ng c&oacute; n&#259ng l&#7921c. H&#7891 Ch&iacute; Minh n&oacute;i r&otilde; l&agrave; kh&ocirc;ng th&#7875 d&ugrave;ng nh&#7919ng ng&#432&#7901i &#273&oacute; v&agrave;o c&ocirc;ng vi&#7879c th&#7921c t&#7871.N&oacute;i &#273i &#273&ocirc;i v&#7899i l&agrave;m l&agrave; phong c&aacute;ch c&ocirc;ng t&aacute;c h&#7919u hi&#7879u c&#7911a ng&#432&#7901i c&aacute;n b&#7897 c&aacute;ch m&#7841ng. N&oacute; ho&agrave;n to&agrave;n kh&aacute;c v&#7899i th&oacute;i &#273&#7841o &#273&#7913c gi&#7843 b&#7885n quan l&#7841i phong ki&#7871n n&oacute;i m&#7897t &#273&#7857ng, l&agrave;m m&#7897t n&#7867o, th&#7853m ch&iacute; n&oacute;i m&agrave; kh&ocirc;ng l&agrave;m. N&oacute;i &#273i &#273&ocirc;i v&#7899i l&agrave;m v&#7915a l&agrave; phong c&aacute;ch c&ocirc;ng t&aacute;c, v&#7915a l&agrave; ph&#432&#417ng ph&aacute;p t&#432 t&#432&#7903ng h&#7919u hi&#7879u c&#7911a ng&#432&#7901i c&aacute;n b&#7897 c&aacute;ch m&#7841ng. H&#7891 Ch&iacute; Minh &#273&#7863c bi&#7879t l&#432u &yacute; r&#7857ng, &#273&#7889i v&#7899i nh&acirc;n d&acirc;n kh&ocirc;ng th&#7875 l&yacute; lu&#7853n su&ocirc;ng, ch&iacute;nh tr&#7883 su&ocirc;ng, nh&acirc;n d&acirc;n c&#7847n tr&ocirc;ng th&#7845y l&#7907i &iacute;ch thi&#7871t th&#7921c t&#7915 nh&#7919ng t&#7845m g&#432&#417ng s&aacute;ng, nh&#7919ng vi&#7879c l&agrave;m thi&#7871t th&#7921c c&#7911a c&aacute;n b&#7897. <br /> <br /> Th&#7845m nhu&#7847n t&#432 t&#432&#7903ng H&#7891 Ch&iacute; Minh v&#7873 c&ocirc;ng t&aacute;c c&aacute;n b&#7897 n&oacute;i chung v&agrave; phong c&aacute;ch c&ocirc;ng t&aacute;c n&oacute;i ri&ecirc;ng, trong nhi&#7873u n&#259m qua, &#272&#7843ng ta lu&ocirc;n lu&ocirc;n quan t&acirc;m x&acirc;y d&#7921ng &#273&#7897i ng&#361 c&aacute;n b&#7897 c&oacute; &#273&#7847y &#273&#7911 ph&#7849m ch&#7845t v&agrave; n&#259ng l&#7921c, c&oacute; ph&#432&#417ng ph&aacute;p l&agrave;m vi&#7879c khoa h&#7885c, &#273&aacute;p &#7913ng y&ecirc;u c&#7847u c&#7911a s&#7921 nghi&#7879p c&aacute;ch m&#7841ng trong t&igrave;nh h&igrave;nh m&#7899i, c&#7911a c&#417 ch&#7871 qu&#7843n l&yacute; m&#7899i. &#272&#7843ng ta &#273&atilde; ban h&agrave;nh nhi&#7873u ch&#7881 th&#7883, ngh&#7883 quy&#7871t ch&#7881 &#273&#7841o c&ocirc;ng t&aacute;c c&aacute;n b&#7897 nh&#432: Ngh&#7883 quy&#7871t Trung &#432&#417ng 3 kho&aacute; VII (th&aacute;ng 6 n&#259m 1992); Ngh&#7883 quy&#7871t Trung &#432&#417ng 3 (th&aacute;ng 6 n&#259m 1997) v&agrave; Ngh&#7883 quy&#7871t Trung &#432&#417ng 7 kho&aacute; VIII (th&aacute;ng 8 n&#259m 1999); Ngh&#7883 quy&#7871t Trung &#432&#417ng 6 kho&aacute; IX (th&aacute;ng 6 n&#259m 2002) v&agrave; Ngh&#7883 quy&#7871t Trung &#432&#417ng 3 kho&aacute; X (th&aacute;ng 8 n&#259m 2006)&hellip; <br /> <br /> Tuy nhi&ecirc;n, c&ocirc;ng t&aacute;c c&aacute;n b&#7897 &ldquo;&#273ang &#273&#7913ng tr&#432&#7899c m&acirc;u thu&#7851n c&#7847n gi&#7843i quy&#7871t. &#272&oacute; l&agrave; m&#7851u thu&#7851n gi&#7919a y&ecirc;u c&#7847u cao v&#7873 m&#7885i m&#7863t c&#7911a s&#7921 nghi&#7879p &#273&#7893i m&#7899i, &#273&#7849y m&#7841nh c&ocirc;ng nghi&#7879p ho&aacute;, hi&#7879n &#273&#7841i ho&aacute; v&#7899i tr&igrave;nh &#273&#7897, n&#259ng l&#7921c c&#7911a &#273&#7897i ng&#361 c&aacute;n b&#7897 c&ograve;n h&#7841n ch&#7871, trong khi kh&#7843 n&#259ng &#273&agrave;o t&#7841o l&#7841i c&oacute; h&#7841n&rdquo;(13). &#272&#7875 x&acirc;y d&#7921ng &#273&#7897i ng&#361 c&aacute;n b&#7897 c&oacute; &#273&#7911 n&#259ng l&#7921c, ph&#7849m ch&#7845t &#273&#7841o &#273&#7913c, &#273&aacute;p &#7913ng y&ecirc;u c&#7847u s&#7921 nghi&#7879p c&ocirc;ng nghi&#7879p ho&aacute;, hi&#7879n &#273&#7841i ho&aacute;, &#272&#7841i h&#7897i X &#273&atilde; v&#7841ch ra m&#7909c ti&ecirc;u: ph&#7843i x&acirc;y d&#7921ng &#273&#7897i ng&#361 c&aacute;n b&#7897 c&oacute; b&#7843n l&#297nh ch&iacute;nh tr&#7883 v&#7919ng v&agrave;ng, c&oacute; &#273&#7841o &#273&#7913c, l&#7889i s&#7889ng l&agrave;nh m&#7841nh, kh&ocirc;ng quan li&ecirc;u, tham nh&#361ng, l&atilde;ng ph&iacute;, ki&ecirc;n quy&#7871t &#273&#7845u tranh ch&#7889ng quan li&ecirc;u, tham nh&#361ng, l&atilde;ng ph&iacute;; c&oacute; t&#432 duy &#273&#7893i m&#7899i, s&aacute;ng t&#7841o, c&oacute; ki&#7871n th&#7913c chuy&ecirc;n m&ocirc;n, nghi&#7879p v&#7909, c&oacute; tinh th&#7847n &#273o&agrave;n k&#7871t, h&#7907p t&aacute;c, &yacute; th&#7913c t&#7893 ch&#7913c, k&#7927 lu&#7853t cao v&agrave; phong c&aacute;ch l&agrave;m vi&#7879c khoa h&#7885c, t&ocirc;n tr&#7885ng t&#7853p th&#7875, g&#7855n b&oacute; v&#7899i nh&acirc;n d&acirc;n, d&aacute;m ngh&#297, d&aacute;m l&agrave;m, d&aacute;m ch&#7883u tr&aacute;ch nhi&#7879m (14).<br /> <br /> &#272&#7871n &#272&#7841i h&#7897i XI, &#272&#7843ng ta ch&#7881 r&otilde; ph&#7843i ti&#7871p t&#7909c &#273&#7893i m&#7899i m&#7841nh m&#7869 &#273&#7891ng b&#7897 c&ocirc;ng t&aacute;c c&aacute;n b&#7897. Th&#7921c hi&#7879n t&#7889t &ldquo;chi&#7871n l&#432&#7907c c&aacute;n b&#7897 th&#7901i k&#7923 &#273&#7849y m&#7841nh c&ocirc;ng nghi&#7879p ho&aacute;, hi&#7879n &#273&#7841i ho&aacute;; &#273&#7893i m&#7899i t&#432 duy, c&aacute;ch l&agrave;m, kh&#7855c ph&#7909c nh&#7919ng y&#7871u k&eacute;m trong t&#7915ng kh&acirc;u c&#7911a c&ocirc;ng t&aacute;c c&aacute;n b&#7897. X&acirc;y d&#7921ng v&agrave; th&#7921c hi&#7879n nghi&ecirc;m t&uacute;c c&#417 ch&#7871, ch&iacute;nh s&aacute;ch ph&aacute;t hi&#7879n, tuy&#7875n ch&#7885n, &#273&agrave;o t&#7841o, b&#7891i d&#432&#7905ng c&aacute;n b&#7897, tr&#7885ng d&#7909ng nh&#7919ng ng&#432&#7901i c&oacute; &#273&#7913c, c&oacute; t&agrave;i (15)./.</span></div> <div style="text-align: right;"><span style="font-size: small;"><br /> <br /> <strong>TS. L&Ecirc; V&#258N TH&#7882NH</strong><br /> <em><strong>Tr&#432&#7901ng &#272&#7841i h&#7885c KHXH&amp;NV, &#272&#7841i h&#7885c Qu&#7889c gia H&agrave; N&#7897</strong></em>i <br /> <br /> <em>Ngu&#7891n: T&#7841p ch&iacute; Tuy&ecirc;n gi&aacute;o, th&aacute;ng 8/2011<br /> </em><br /> --------------------------</span></div> <div style="text-align: left;"><span style="font-size: small;"><br /> (1), (4), (5), (6), (7), (8), (9), (10), (11), (12) H&#7891 Ch&iacute; Minh: To&agrave;n t&#7853p, t&#7853p 5, Nxb. CTQG H.2000, tr. 244, tr. 374, tr. 292, tr. 256-257, tr. 520-521, tr. 242, tr. 243,tr. 233, tr. 234, tr. 108.<br /> <br /> (2), (3) H&#7891 Ch&iacute; Minh: To&agrave;n t&#7853p, t&#7853p 6, Nxb. CTQG H.2000, tr. 292, tr. 293.<br /> (13) &#272&#7843ng C&#7897ng s&#7843n Vi&#7879t Nam: V&#259n ki&#7879n h&#7897i ngh&#7883 l&#7847n th&#7913 s&aacute;u Ban Ch&#7845p h&agrave;nh Trung &#432&#417ng kho&aacute; IX, Nxb. CTQG, H.2002, tr.164.<br /> (14) &#272&#7843ng C&#7897ng s&#7843n Vi&#7879t Nam: V&#259n ki&#7879n &#272&#7841i h&#7897i &#273&#7841i bi&#7875u to&agrave;n qu&#7889c l&#7847n th&#7913 X, Nxb. CTQG, H.2006, tr.292-293.<br /> (15) &#272&#7843ng C&#7897ng s&#7843n Vi&#7879t Nam: V&#259n ki&#7879n &#272&#7841i h&#7897i &#273&#7841i bi&#7875u to&agrave;n qu&#7889c l&#7847n th&#7913 XI, Nxb. CTQG, H.2011, tr. 261.<br /> <br /> </span></div> </html>

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