Những điều Bác Hồ dạy về cách làm báo

<html> <head> <meta http-equiv='Content-Type' content='text/html; charset=utf-8'> <title> </title> </head> <div> <meta content="text/html; charset=utf-8" http-equiv="Content-Type"> <title></title> <div style="text-align: justify;"><em><strong><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="font-size: small;">Ti&#7871n t&#7899i k&#7927 ni&#7879m 87 n&#259m ng&agrave;y b&aacute;o ch&iacute; c&aacute;ch m&#7841ng Vi&#7879t Nam (21/6/1925 - 21/6/2012)</span></span></strong></em><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="font-size: small;"><br /> </span></span></div> <div style="text-align: center;"><span style="color: rgb(0, 0, 255);"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="font-size: small;"><br /> <strong>Nh&#7919ng &#273i&#7873u B&aacute;c H&#7891 d&#7841y v&#7873 c&aacute;ch l&agrave;m b&aacute;o </strong></span></span></span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"><span style="color: rgb(0, 0, 255);"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="font-size: small;"><br /> </span></span></span><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="font-size: small;">Ng&agrave;y 21/6/1925, t&#7901 b&aacute;o Thanh Ni&ecirc;n do Ch&#7911 t&#7883ch H&#7891 Ch&iacute; Minh s&aacute;ng l&#7853p, ch&#7881 &#273&#7841o v&agrave; l&agrave; ng&#432&#7901i bi&ecirc;n t&#7853p ch&iacute;nh ra s&#7889 &#273&#7847u ti&ecirc;n, &#273&aacute;nh d&#7845u s&#7921 ra &#273&#7901i c&#7911a b&aacute;o ch&iacute; c&aacute;ch m&#7841ng Vi&#7879t Nam. C&aacute;c t&#7893 ch&#7913c c&aacute;ch m&#7841ng &#7903 trong n&#432&#7899c d&ugrave;ng t&#7901 b&aacute;o n&agrave;y &#273&#7875 tuy&ecirc;n truy&#7873n, gi&aacute;c ng&#7897 v&agrave; gi&aacute;o d&#7909c qu&#7847n ch&uacute;ng, l&agrave;m c&#7847u n&#7889i truy&#7873n &aacute;nh s&aacute;ng t&#432 t&#432&#7903ng c&aacute;ch m&#7841ng c&#7911a B&aacute;c v&#7873 cho d&acirc;n t&#7897c, g&oacute;p ph&#7847n to l&#7899n cho s&#7921 nghi&#7879p gi&#7843i ph&oacute;ng &#273&#7845t n&#432&#7899c. </span></span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: center;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="font-size: small;"><img height="282" width="448" src="71789_Untitled-1%20copy.jpg" alt="" /><br /> </span></span></div> <div style="text-align: center;"><em><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">H&#7891 Ch&#7911 t&#7883ch ch&#7909p &#7843nh l&#432u ni&#7879m v&#7899i c&aacute;c nh&agrave; b&aacute;o trong n&#432&#7899c v&agrave; n&#432&#7899c ngo&agrave;i &#273&#432a tin v&agrave; ch&#7909p &#7843nh v&#7873 &#272&#7841i h&#7897i &#272&#7843ng to&agrave;n qu&#7889c l&#7847n th&#7913 3 (9/1960). &#7842nh: T.L </span></span></em></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="font-size: small;"><br /> &nbsp; Theo gi&aacute;o s&#432, ti&#7871n s&#297 T&#7841 Ng&#7885c T&#7845n, Gi&aacute;m &#273&#7889c H&#7885c vi&#7879n Ch&iacute;nh tr&#7883 - H&agrave;nh ch&iacute;nh qu&#7889c gia H&#7891 Ch&iacute; Minh trong kho&#7843ng 50 n&#259m c&#7847m b&uacute;t, B&aacute;c &#273&atilde; vi&#7871t h&#417n 2.000 b&agrave;i b&aacute;o, 276 b&agrave;i th&#417, g&#7847n 500 trang truy&#7879n v&agrave; k&yacute;, B&aacute;c c&oacute; g&#7847n 200 b&uacute;t danhNg&#432&#7901i &#273&atilde; &#273&#7875 l&#7841i cho c&aacute;c th&#7871 h&#7879 nh&agrave; b&aacute;o nhi&#7873u b&agrave;i h&#7885c l&#7899n v&#7873 ngh&#7873 b&aacute;o, trong &#273&oacute; c&oacute; c&aacute;ch vi&#7871t, c&aacute;ch n&oacute;i.<br /> &nbsp;<br /> S&#7903 d&#297 B&aacute;c H&#7891 h&#7871t s&#7913c ch&uacute; tr&#7885ng &#273&#7871n c&aacute;ch n&oacute;i v&agrave; c&aacute;ch vi&#7871t v&igrave; &#273&oacute; l&agrave; c&ocirc;ng c&#7909 &#273&#7875 bi&#7875u &#273&#7841t t&#432 duy, quan &#273i&#7875m v&agrave; t&igrave;nh c&#7843m c&#7911a con ng&#432&#7901i v&#7899i nhau. Quan &#273i&#7875m c&#7911a Ng&#432&#7901i v&#7873 phong c&aacute;ch ng&#432&#7901i l&agrave;m b&aacute;o r&#7845t r&otilde; r&agrave;ng. Tr&#432&#7899c khi n&oacute;i v&#7873 c&aacute;ch l&agrave;m b&aacute;o v&agrave; vi&#7871t b&aacute;o, H&#7891 Ch&iacute; Minh &#273&#7863c bi&#7879t quan t&acirc;m &#273&#7871n t&#432 c&aacute;ch c&#7911a ng&#432&#7901i l&agrave;m b&aacute;o, coi ng&#432&#7901i l&agrave;m b&aacute;o l&agrave; ng&#432&#7901i chi&#7871n s&#297 c&aacute;ch m&#7841ng tr&ecirc;n m&#7863t tr&#7853n t&#432 t&#432&#7903ng. Ng&#432&#7901i lu&ocirc;n &#273&#7863t ra nh&#7919ng c&acirc;u h&#7887i c&#7909 th&#7875: Vi&#7871t &#273&#7875 l&agrave;m g&igrave;, vi&#7871t cho ai, vi&#7871t c&aacute;i g&igrave; v&agrave; vi&#7871t nh&#432 th&#7871 n&agrave;o?<br /> &nbsp;<br /> Nh&#432 v&#7853y, Ng&#432&#7901i &#273&atilde; n&oacute;i d&#7877 hi&#7875u v&#7873 m&#7909c &#273&iacute;ch, &#273&#7889i t&#432&#7907ng ph&#7909c v&#7909, n&#7897i dung v&agrave; ph&#432&#417ng ph&aacute;p l&agrave;m b&aacute;o. Ng&#432&#7901i c&ograve;n ch&#7881 cho c&aacute;c nh&agrave; b&aacute;o th&#7845y r&otilde; c&#7847n ph&#7843i th&#432&#7901ng xuy&ecirc;n h&#7885c t&#7853p, su&#7889t &#273&#7901i r&egrave;n luy&#7879n kh&ocirc;ng ng&#7915ng n&acirc;ng cao b&#7843n l&#297nh ch&iacute;nh tr&#7883 v&agrave; b&#7843n l&#297nh ngh&#7873 nghi&#7879p c&#7911a m&igrave;nh. L&agrave; v&#7883 l&atilde;nh t&#7909 uy&ecirc;n th&acirc;m, th&ocirc;ng th&#7841o nhi&#7873u ngo&#7841i ng&#7919, Ng&#432&#7901i l&#7841i am hi&#7875u nhi&#7873u n&#7873n v&#259n h&oacute;a v&agrave; d&agrave;y d&#7841n kinh nghi&#7879m n&ecirc;n &#273&atilde; in &#273&#7853m d&#7845u &#7845n t&#7889t &#273&#7865p trong c&aacute;c t&aacute;c ph&#7849m b&aacute;o ch&iacute; c&#7911a m&igrave;nh. Nh&agrave; b&aacute;o l&atilde;o th&agrave;nh Phan Quang nh&#7853n x&eacute;t: &ldquo;B&aacute;c &#273&atilde; th&#7875 hi&#7879n b&#7857ng Ph&aacute;p v&#259n r&#7845t nhu&#7847n nh&#7883, tr&iacute; tu&#7879 v&agrave; hi&#7879n &#273&#7841i. Qua ti&#7871ng Ph&aacute;p, nh&#7919ng &aacute;ng v&#259n ch&iacute;nh lu&#7853n kh&uacute;c tri&#7871t, nh&#7919ng truy&#7879n k&yacute; t&agrave;i hoa, nh&#7919ng ti&#7875u ph&#7849m s&#7855c s&#7843o, pha ch&uacute;t h&agrave;i h&#432&#7899c l&agrave;m say m&ecirc; l&ograve;ng ng&#432&#7901i (1). Khi &#273&#7885c nh&#7919ng t&aacute;c ph&#7849m c&#7911a&nbsp; B&aacute;c H&#7891, nh&agrave; v&#259n Ho&agrave;i Thanh vi&#7871t: &ldquo;C&oacute; m&#7897t &#273i&#7873u l&#7841 h&#7871t s&#7913c. T&ocirc;i c&#7913 ngh&#297 kh&ocirc;ng bi&#7871t l&agrave;m sao m&agrave; gi&#7919a bao nhi&ecirc;u c&ocirc;ng vi&#7879c b&#7873 b&#7897n, B&aacute;c l&#7841i c&oacute; th&#7875 vi&#7871t &#273&#432&#7907c nhi&#7873u nh&#432 v&#7853y. Nh&#7919ng anh, ch&#7883 em c&ograve;n trai tr&aacute;ng v&agrave; chuy&ecirc;n ngh&#7873 vi&#7871t c&#361ng &iacute;t ng&#432&#7901i vi&#7871t &#273&#432&#7907c nh&#432 th&#7871. Ch&#432a n&oacute;i g&igrave; kh&aacute;c, ri&ecirc;ng kh&#7889i l&#432&#7907ng s&#7913c lao &#273&#7897ng &#273&oacute; c&#361ng l&agrave; m&#7897t b&agrave;i h&#7885c l&#7899n &#273&#7889i v&#7899i ch&uacute;ng ta. Nh&#432ng chuy&ecirc;n c&#7847n m&agrave; kh&ocirc;ng v&#7845t v&#7843. S&#7921 l&agrave;m vi&#7879c chuy&ecirc;n c&#7847n h&igrave;nh nh&#432 &#273&atilde; bi&#7871n th&agrave;nh m&#7897t &#273i&#7879u s&#7889ng t&#7921 nhi&ecirc;n. C&acirc;u v&#259n c&#7911a B&aacute;c kh&ocirc;ng l&uacute;c n&agrave;o th&#7845y kh&#7855c kh&#7893. N&oacute; kh&ocirc;ng kh&ocirc; khan m&agrave; c&ograve;n ch&#7913a chan t&igrave;nh c&#7843m&rdquo; (2).<br /> &nbsp;<br /> V&#7899i quan ni&#7879m b&aacute;o ch&iacute; c&aacute;ch m&#7841ng l&agrave; m&#7897t m&#7863t tr&#7853n chi&#7871n &#273&#7845u c&#7911a c&aacute;ch m&#7841ng, B&aacute;c H&#7891 ch&#7881 r&otilde;: &ldquo;C&aacute;n b&#7897 b&aacute;o ch&iacute; c&#361ng l&agrave; chi&#7871n s&#297 c&aacute;ch m&#7841ng. C&acirc;y b&uacute;t trang gi&#7845y l&agrave; v&#361 kh&iacute; s&#7855c b&eacute;n c&#7911a h&#7885. B&aacute;c n&oacute;i th&ecirc;m: &ldquo;B&agrave;i b&aacute;o l&agrave; t&#7901 h&#7883ch c&aacute;ch m&#7841ng. &#272&atilde; l&agrave; nh&agrave; b&aacute;o, chi&#7871n s&#297 c&aacute;ch m&#7841ng, b&#7845t c&#7913 ng&#432&#7901i c&#7847m b&uacute;t n&agrave;o tr&ecirc;n m&#7863t tr&#7853n b&aacute;o ch&iacute; c&aacute;ch m&#7841ng ph&#7843i hi&#7875u r&otilde; m&#7909c ti&ecirc;u, nhi&#7879m v&#7909 c&aacute;ch m&#7841ng l&agrave; g&igrave;? T&#7915ng giai &#273o&#7841n l&#7883ch s&#7917 &#273&#7863t ra nh&#7919ng y&ecirc;u c&#7847u, nhi&#7879m v&#7909 kh&aacute;c nhau. Khi &#273&#7845t n&#432&#7899c c&ograve;n trong v&ograve;ng n&ocirc; l&#7879 ph&#7843i l&agrave;m th&#7913c t&#7881nh v&agrave; &#273&#7897ng vi&ecirc;n nh&acirc;n d&acirc;n &#273&#7913ng l&ecirc;n l&agrave;m c&aacute;ch m&#7841ng &#273&aacute;nh &#273&#7893 ch&#7871 &#273&#7897 th&#7921c d&acirc;n, phong ki&#7871n, gi&#7843i ph&oacute;ng d&acirc;n t&#7897c, gi&agrave;nh ch&iacute;nh quy&#7873n v&#7873 tay nh&acirc;n d&acirc;n. Khi &#273&atilde; c&oacute; ch&iacute;nh quy&#7873n th&igrave; &#273&#7897ng vi&ecirc;n s&#7913c m&#7841nh to&agrave;n d&acirc;n t&#7897c gi&#7919 g&igrave;n ch&iacute;nh quy&#7873n, b&#7843o v&#7879 th&agrave;nh qu&#7843 c&aacute;ch m&#7841ng, ti&#7871n h&agrave;nh c&aacute;c cu&#7897c kh&aacute;ng chi&#7871n ch&#7889ng x&acirc;m l&#432&#7907c, gi&agrave;nh &#273&#7897c l&#7853p th&#7889ng nh&#7845t &#273&#7845t n&#432&#7899c, &#273&#432a &#273&#7845t n&#432&#7899c ti&#7871n l&ecirc;n m&#7897t giai &#273o&#7841n ph&aacute;t tri&#7875n m&#7899i. T&#7841i &#272&#7841i h&#7897i l&#7847n th&#7913 III H&#7897i Nh&agrave; b&aacute;o Vi&#7879t &lt;st1:country-region w:st=&quot;on&quot;&gt;Nam&lt;/st1:country-region&gt; (ng&agrave;y 8/9/1962 Ng&#432&#7901i ch&#7881 r&otilde;: &ldquo;Nhi&#7879m v&#7909 c&#7911a b&aacute;o ch&iacute; l&agrave; ph&#7909c v&#7909 nh&acirc;n d&acirc;n, ph&#7909c v&#7909 c&aacute;ch m&#7841ng. Nhi&#7879m v&#7909 c&aacute;ch m&#7841ng, nhi&#7879m v&#7909 c&#7911a b&aacute;o ch&iacute; &#273&ograve;i h&#7887i ng&#432&#7901i l&agrave;m b&aacute;o ph&#7843i c&oacute; &#273&#7911 ph&#7849m ch&#7845t c&#7911a ng&#432&#7901i c&aacute;n b&#7897 c&aacute;ch m&#7841ng, kh&ocirc;ng ng&#7841i gian kh&oacute;, hy sinh (k&#7875 c&#7843 hy sinh t&iacute;nh m&#7841ng), v&igrave; nh&acirc;n d&acirc;n ph&#7909c v&#7909. Ng&#432&#7901i l&agrave;m b&aacute;o ph&#7843i d&ugrave;ng c&acirc;y b&uacute;t, trang gi&#7845y l&agrave;m v&#361 kh&iacute; s&#7855c b&eacute;n chi&#7871n &#273&#7845u cho m&#7909c &#273&iacute;ch v&#7867 vang c&#7911a c&aacute;ch m&#7841ng, ch&#7913 kh&ocirc;ng ph&#7843i l&agrave;m b&aacute;o &#273&#7875 l&#432u danh thi&ecirc;n c&#7893, mu&#7889n vi&#7871t cho ai, mu&#7889n &#273&#259ng b&agrave;i m&igrave;nh l&ecirc;n c&aacute;c b&aacute;o l&#7899n. C&#361ng t&#7841i &#272&#7841i h&#7897i II H&#7897i Nh&agrave; b&aacute;o Vi&#7879t &lt;st1:country-region w:st=&quot;on&quot;&gt;Nam&lt;/st1:country-region&gt;, B&aacute;c nh&#7853n x&eacute;t r&#7857ng, &#432u &#273i&#7875m c&#361ng c&ograve;n nhi&#7873u v&agrave; m&#7897t trong nh&#7919ng khuy&#7871t &#273i&#7875m &#273&oacute; l&agrave; n&#7855m v&#7845n &#273&#7873 ch&iacute;nh tr&#7883 kh&ocirc;ng &#273&#432&#7907c ch&#7855c ch&#7855n. B&aacute;c c&#259n d&#7863n: &ldquo;&hellip;t&#7845t c&#7843 nh&#7919ng ng&#432&#7901i l&agrave;m b&aacute;o (ng&#432&#7901i vi&#7871t, ng&#432&#7901i in, ng&#432&#7901i s&#7917a b&agrave;i, ng&#432&#7901i ph&aacute;t h&agrave;nh ) ph&#7843i c&oacute; l&#7853p tr&#432&#7901ng ch&iacute;nh tr&#7883 v&#7919ng ch&#7855c. Ch&iacute;nh tr&#7883 ph&#7843i l&agrave;m ch&#7911. &#272&#432&#7901ng l&#7889i ch&iacute;nh tr&#7883 &#273&uacute;ng th&igrave; nh&#7919ng vi&#7879c kh&aacute;c m&#7899i &#273&uacute;ng &#273&#432&#7907c. &#7903 &#272&#7841i h&#7897i l&#7847n th&#7913 III H&#7897i nh&agrave; b&aacute;o Vi&#7879t Nam (1962) B&aacute;c&nbsp; l&#7841i n&oacute;i: &ldquo;&#272&#7875 l&agrave;m tr&ograve;n nhi&#7879m v&#7909 v&#7867 vang c&#7911a m&igrave;nh, c&aacute;n b&#7897 b&aacute;o ch&iacute; c&#7847n ph&#7843i tu d&#432&#7905ng &#273&#7841o &#273&#7913c c&aacute;ch m&#7841ng,&nbsp; c&#7889 g&#7855ng trau d&#7891i t&#432 t&#432&#7903ng, nghi&#7879p v&#7909 v&agrave; v&#259n h&oacute;a; ch&uacute; tr&#7885ng h&#7885c t&#7853p ch&iacute;nh tr&#7883 &#273&#7875 n&#7855m v&#7919ng ch&#7911 tr&#432&#417ng ch&iacute;nh s&aacute;ch c&#7911a &#272&#7843ng v&agrave; Ch&iacute;nh ph&#7911 &#273i s&acirc;u th&#7921c t&#7871, &#273i s&acirc;u qu&#7847n ch&uacute;ng lao &#273&#7897ng. B&aacute;c c&ograve;n n&oacute;i: &ldquo;B&aacute;o ch&iacute; c&#7911a ta &#273&atilde; c&oacute; m&#7897t v&#7883 tr&iacute; quan tr&#7885ng trong d&#432 lu&#7853n th&#7871 gi&#7899i. &#272&#7883ch r&#7845t ch&uacute; &yacute;, b&#7841n r&#7845t quan t&acirc;m &#273&#7871n b&aacute;o ch&iacute; ta. Cho n&ecirc;n l&agrave;m b&aacute;o ph&#7843i h&#7871t s&#7913c c&#7849n th&#7853n v&#7873 h&igrave;nh th&#7913c, v&#7873 n&#7897i dung, v&#7873 c&aacute;ch vi&#7871t.<br /> &nbsp;<br /> Ch&#7911 t&#7883ch H&#7891 Ch&iacute; Minh l&agrave; ng&#432&#7901i am hi&#7875u tuy&#7879t v&#7901i s&#7913c m&#7841nh c&#7911a ng&ocirc;n t&#7915 v&agrave; s&#7921 t&aacute;c &#273&#7897ng c&#7911a n&oacute; v&agrave;o &#273&#7901i s&#7889ng tinh th&#7847n, &#273&#7841o &#273&#7913c, t&#432 t&#432&#7903ng, t&igrave;nh c&#7843m v&agrave; h&agrave;nh &#273&#7897ng c&#7911a qu&#7847n ch&uacute;ng. Ng&#432&#7901i t&#7915ng n&oacute;i: &ldquo;T&#7901 b&aacute;o ch&#7881 l&agrave; gi&#7845y tr&#7855ng, m&#7921c &#273en m&agrave; th&ocirc;i. Nh&#432ng, v&#7899i gi&#7845y tr&#7855ng, m&#7921c &#273en &#7845y, ng&#432&#7901i ta c&oacute; th&#7875 vi&#7871t nh&#7919ng t&#7889i h&#7853u th&#432, ng&#432&#7901i ta c&oacute; th&#7875 vi&#7871t nh&#7919ng b&#7913c th&#432 y&ecirc;u &#273&#432&#417ng. Ng&#432&#7901i c&#361ng n&oacute;i: &ldquo;Ng&ograve;i b&uacute;t c&#7911a c&aacute;c b&#7841n c&#361ng l&agrave; v&#361 kh&iacute; s&#7855c b&eacute;n trong s&#7921 nghi&#7879p ph&ograve; ch&iacute;nh, tr&#7915 t&agrave;. T&#7915 quan &#273i&#7875m &#273&oacute;, Ch&#7911 t&#7883ch H&#7891 Ch&iacute; Minh nh&#7855c nh&#7903 c&aacute;c nh&agrave; b&aacute;o ph&#7843i s&#7917 d&#7909ng &#273&uacute;ng s&#7913c m&#7841nh c&#7911a ng&ograve;i b&uacute;t, ng&ocirc;n t&#7915 &#273&#7875 ph&#7909c v&#7909 nh&acirc;n d&acirc;n, ph&#7909c v&#7909 s&#7921 nghi&#7879p c&aacute;ch m&#7841ng c&#7911a &#272&#7843ng v&agrave; c&#7911a d&acirc;n t&#7897c.<br /> &nbsp;<br /> Ng&#432&#7901i c&#361ng &#273&atilde; nhi&#7873u l&#7847n ch&#7881 r&otilde;: &ldquo;&#272&#7889i t&#432&#7907ng c&#7911a t&#7901 b&aacute;o l&agrave; &#273&#7841i &#273a s&#7889 qu&#7847n ch&uacute;ng, m&#7897t t&#7901 b&aacute;o kh&ocirc;ng &#273&#432&#7907c &#273a s&#7889 ham chu&#7897ng, th&igrave; kh&ocirc;ng x&#7913ng &#273&aacute;ng l&agrave; m&#7897t t&#7901 b&aacute;o; mu&#7889n &#273&#432&#7907c d&acirc;n ch&uacute;ng ham chu&#7897ng, coi t&#7901 b&aacute;o &#7845y l&agrave; c&#7911a m&igrave;nh th&igrave;: n&#7897i dung&nbsp; t&#7913c l&agrave; c&aacute;c b&agrave;i vi&#7871t&nbsp; ph&#7843i &#273&#417n gi&#7843n, d&#7877 hi&#7875u, ph&#7893 th&ocirc;ng, thi&#7871t th&#7921c, ho&#7841t b&aacute;t v&agrave; h&igrave;nh th&#7913c&nbsp; - t&#7913c c&aacute;ch s&#7855p &#273&#7863t c&aacute;c b&agrave;i, c&aacute;ch in&nbsp; ph&#7843i s&#7841ch s&#7869 s&aacute;ng s&#7911a.<br /> &nbsp;<br /> V&#7899i t&#432 c&aacute;ch l&agrave; m&#7897t nh&agrave; b&aacute;o l&#7895i l&#7841c, d&agrave;y d&#7841n&nbsp; kinh nghi&#7879m v&agrave; &#273&#7913c t&iacute;nh khi&ecirc;m t&#7889n, B&aacute;c &#273&atilde; truy&#7873n &#273&#7841t cho nh&#7919ng ng&#432&#7901i vi&#7871t b&aacute;o m&#7897t c&aacute;ch &#273&#417n gi&#7843n, d&#7877 hi&#7875u: &ldquo;Khi vi&#7871t xong th&igrave; nh&#7901 anh em xem v&agrave; s&#7917a gi&ugrave;m. Ch&#7899 t&#7921 &aacute;i, cho m&igrave;nh l&agrave; tuy&#7879t r&#7891i. T&#7921 &aacute;i l&agrave; t&#7921 ph&#7909, m&agrave; t&#7921 ph&#7909 l&agrave; k&#7867 &#273&#7883ch ng&#259n ch&#7863n con &#273&#432&#7901ng ti&#7871n b&#7897 c&#7911a ch&uacute;ng ta. &#272&oacute; l&agrave; b&agrave;i h&#7885c l&#7899n cho nh&#7919ng ng&#432&#7901i l&agrave;m b&aacute;o.<br /> &nbsp;<br /> Ch&#7911 t&#7883ch H&#7891 Ch&iacute; Minh l&agrave; ng&#432&#7901i &#273&atilde; v&#7853n d&#7909ng s&aacute;ng t&#7841o quan &#273i&#7875m c&#7911a ch&#7911 ngh&#297a M&aacute;c&nbsp; L&ecirc;nin v&#7873 b&#7843n ch&#7845t c&#7911a b&aacute;o ch&iacute; c&aacute;ch m&#7841ng l&agrave; ngo&agrave;i t&iacute;nh chi&#7871n &#273&#7845u, t&iacute;nh khoa h&#7885c, t&iacute;nh giai c&#7845p, t&iacute;nh ch&acirc;n th&#7921c, kh&aacute;ch quan, c&ograve;n ph&#7843i &#273&#432&#7907c th&#7875 hi&#7879n m&#7897t c&aacute;ch &#273&#417n gi&#7843n, d&#7877 hi&#7875u, &#273&#7841i ch&uacute;ng, sinh &#273&#7897ng &#273&#7875 b&aacute;o ch&iacute; l&agrave;m tr&ograve;n nhi&#7879m v&#7909 m&agrave; L&ecirc;Nin t&#7915ng ch&#7881 r&otilde;: tuy&ecirc;n truy&#7873n t&#7853p th&#7875, c&#7893 &#273&#7897ng t&#7853p th&#7875, t&#7893 ch&#7913c v&agrave; gi&aacute;o d&#7909c t&#7853p th&#7875 &#273&#7875 &#273a s&#7889 nh&#7919ng ng&#432&#7901i b&#7883 b&oacute;c l&#7897t, b&#7883 &aacute;p b&#7913c gh&ecirc; g&#7899m c&#7911a ch&#7911 ngh&#297a t&#432 b&#7843n tr&ecirc;n th&#7871 gi&#7899i c&#361ng c&oacute; th&#7875 hi&#7875u &#273&#432&#7907c. V&igrave; v&#7853y, Ch&#7911 t&#7883ch H&#7891 Ch&iacute; Minh khuy&ecirc;n c&aacute;c nh&agrave; b&aacute;o: &ldquo;Ph&#7843i h&#7885c c&aacute;ch n&oacute;i, ti&#7871ng n&oacute;i c&#7911a qu&#7847n ch&uacute;ng, ch&#7899 ham d&ugrave;ng ch&#7919. B&aacute;c ph&ecirc; ph&aacute;n l&#7889i vi&#7871t l&#7857ng nh&#7857ng, tr&agrave;ng giang, &#273&#7841i h&#7843i, d&acirc;y c&agrave;, d&acirc;y mu&#7889ng, kh&ocirc;ng h&#7907p v&#7899i tr&igrave;nh &#273&#7897 v&agrave; th&#7901i gian c&#7911a qu&#7847n ch&uacute;ng; th&#432&#7901ng n&oacute;i m&#7897t chi&#7873u v&agrave; &#273&ocirc;i khi th&#7893i ph&#7891ng th&agrave;nh t&iacute;ch m&agrave; &iacute;t ho&#7863c kh&ocirc;ng n&oacute;i &#273&uacute;ng m&#7913c &#273&#7871n kh&oacute; kh&#259n v&agrave; khuy&#7871t &#273i&#7875m c&#7911a ta; thi&#7871u c&acirc;n &#273&#7889i, tin n&ecirc;n d&agrave;i th&igrave; vi&#7871t&nbsp; ng&#7855n, n&ecirc;n ng&#7855n l&#7841i vi&#7871t d&agrave;i, khuy&#7871t &#273i&#7875m n&#7863ng nh&#7845t l&agrave; d&ugrave;ng t&#7915 n&#432&#7899c ngo&agrave;i qu&aacute; nhi&#7873u v&agrave; nhi&#7873u khi d&ugrave;ng kh&ocirc;ng &#273&uacute;ng.<br /> &nbsp;<br /> Nh&agrave; v&#259n ho&aacute; H&agrave; Huy Gi&aacute;p vi&#7871t: &ldquo;H&#7891 Ch&#7911 t&#7883ch r&#7845t ch&uacute; tr&#7885ng c&aacute;ch vi&#7871t. Ng&#432&#7901i r&#7845t c&#7849n tr&#7885ng ngay &#273&#7871n c&aacute;ch d&ugrave;ng m&#7897t t&#7915 nh&#7887, m&#7897t d&#7845u ch&#7845m c&acirc;u, c&aacute;ch b&#7889 c&#7909c m&#7897t b&agrave;i vi&#7871t. H&#7891 Ch&#7911 t&#7883ch l&agrave; m&#7897t nh&agrave; ng&ocirc;n ng&#7919 nghi&ecirc;m kh&#7855c. C&#361ng nh&#432 L&ecirc;-nin, Ng&#432&#7901i d&ugrave;ng r&#7845t &iacute;t ch&#7919 m&agrave; l&agrave; nh&#7919ng ch&#7919 &#273&uacute;ng nh&#7845t, c&#7847n thi&#7871t nh&#7845t, &#273&#7875 m&#7897t vi&#7879n s&#297 h&agrave;n l&acirc;m &#273&#7871n ng&#432&#7901i n&ocirc;ng d&acirc;n &#273&#7873u c&oacute; th&#7875 hi&#7875u &#273&#432&#7907c (3).<br /> &nbsp;<br /> T&igrave;m hi&#7875u nh&#7919ng &#273i&#7873u B&aacute;c d&#7841y, nh&#7919ng ng&#432&#7901i l&agrave;m b&aacute;o ph&#7843i lu&ocirc;n &yacute; th&#7913c &#273&#432&#7907c b&aacute;o ch&iacute; ta ph&#7843i ph&#7909c v&#7909 c&ocirc;ng&nbsp; n&ocirc;ng&nbsp; binh, ph&#7909c v&#7909 qu&#7847n ch&uacute;ng. L&agrave;m sao &#273&#7875 t&#7901 b&aacute;o, t&#7841p ch&iacute;, s&aacute;ch &#273&#7871n &#273&#432&#7907c t&#7915ng ng&#432&#7901i, t&#7915ng nh&agrave;, nh&acirc;n d&acirc;n ta, ki&#7873u b&agrave;o ta v&agrave; b&#7841n b&egrave; th&#7871 gi&#7899i. &#272&#7891ng th&#7901i l&agrave;m sao &#273&#7875 qu&#7847n ch&uacute;ng t&#7921 nguy&#7879n, t&#7921 gi&aacute;c &#273&#7871n v&#7899i b&aacute;o ch&iacute; nhi&#7873u nh&#7845t. &#272&oacute; l&agrave; nguy&ecirc;n l&yacute; c&#7911a b&aacute;o ch&iacute; c&aacute;ch m&#7841ng. V&igrave; th&#7871, ph&#7843i n&oacute;i nh&#7919ng &#273i&#7873u thi&#7871t th&#7921c, &#273&uacute;ng &#273&#432&#7901ng l&#7889i ch&iacute;nh tr&#7883, &iacute;t t&#7871u, vi&#7871t, v&#7869 d&#7877 hi&#7875u, ph&#7893 th&ocirc;ng, tr&igrave;nh b&agrave;y r&otilde; r&agrave;ng, &iacute;t ti&#7871p sang c&aacute;c trang kh&aacute;c, &#273&#7863c bi&#7879t ph&#7843i vi&#7871t ng&#7855n v&igrave; &#273&#7891ng b&agrave;o kh&ocirc;ng c&oacute; th&igrave; gi&#7901 &#273&#7885c d&agrave;i, ng&#432&#7901i l&iacute;nh kh&ocirc;ng cho ph&eacute;p xem l&acirc;u.<br /> &nbsp;<br /> Nh&#7919ng l&#7901i c&#259n d&#7863n c&#7911a Ng&#432&#7901i v&#7873 b&aacute;o ch&iacute; v&agrave; nh&#7919ng b&agrave;i h&#7885c kinh nghi&#7879m v&#7873 c&aacute;ch n&oacute;i, c&aacute;ch vi&#7871t b&aacute;o c&agrave;ng suy ng&#7851m, c&agrave;ng soi r&#7885i v&agrave;o th&#7921c ti&#7877n c&agrave;ng th&#7845y v&#7851n nguy&ecirc;n gi&aacute; tr&#7883 truy&#7873n ngh&#7873 cho c&aacute;c th&#7871 h&#7879 l&agrave;m b&aacute;o &#7903 n&#432&#7899c ta h&ocirc;m nay v&agrave; mai sau.<br /> &nbsp;<br /> <em>(1).T&#7841p ch&iacute; Ng&#432&#7901i l&agrave;m b&aacute;o s&#7889 6/2005, tr.5<br /> (2) (3).&ldquo;H&#7891 Ch&iacute; Minh - T&aacute;c gi&#7843, t&aacute;c ph&#7849m, ngh&#7879 thu&#7853t ng&ocirc;n t&#7915&rdquo; NXB Gi&aacute;o d&#7909c 1997 - trg 127, 123.</em></span></span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: right;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="font-size: small;">&nbsp;<br /> &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; <strong>NGUY&#7876N V&#258N THANH</strong><br /> &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; <em>(10/ 24 - &#272&#259ngT&#7845t - &#272&ocirc;ng H&agrave; - Qu&#7843ng&nbsp; Tr&#7883)</em></span></span></div> <div style="text-align: right;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="font-size: small;"><em>Theo www.baohoabinh.com.vn<br /> </em><br /> <br /> </span></span></div> </meta> </div> </html>

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