Năng lực lắng nghe

<html> <head> <meta http-equiv='Content-Type' content='text/html; charset=utf-8'> <title> </title> </head> <div style="text-align: center;"><span style="color: rgb(0, 0, 255);"><strong><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="font-size: small;">N&#259ng l&#7921c l&#7855ng nghe</span></span></strong></span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="font-size: small;"><br /> C&aacute;n b&#7897, &#273&#7843ng vi&ecirc;n, nh&#7845t l&agrave; c&aacute;n b&#7897 l&atilde;nh &#273&#7841o ch&#7911 ch&#7889t c&aacute;c c&#7845p r&#7845t c&#7847n luy&#7879n v&agrave; kh&ocirc;ng ng&#7915ng n&acirc;ng cao n&#259ng l&#7921c l&#7855ng nghe - nghe &#273&#7891ng ch&iacute; ph&ecirc; b&igrave;nh, tham gia g&oacute;p &yacute;, nh&#7845t l&agrave; nghe d&acirc;n n&oacute;i.</span></span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="font-size: small;"><br /> </span><strong><span style="font-size: small;">C&aacute;n b&#7897 ph&#7843i bi&#7871t l&#7855ng nghe</span></strong></span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="font-size: small;"><br /> C&aacute;ch &#273&acirc;y 67 n&#259m, ph&aacute;t bi&#7875u t&#7841i l&#7877 t&#7889t nghi&#7879p kh&oacute;a h&#7885c th&#7913 t&#432, Tr&#432&#7901ng Qu&acirc;n ch&iacute;nh Vi&#7879t Nam, Ch&#7911 t&#7883ch H&#7891 Ch&iacute; Minh &#273&atilde; n&oacute;i r&#7857ng: C&#7847n ph&#7843i nh&#7899 &#273&#7871n nh&#7919ng &#273&#7913c t&iacute;nh m&agrave; &#273&atilde; l&agrave; c&aacute;n b&#7897 c&#7847n ph&#7843i c&oacute;: Kh&ocirc;ng t&#7921 ki&ecirc;u, kh&ocirc;ng c&oacute; c&aacute;i b&#7879nh l&agrave;m &quot;quan c&aacute;ch m&#7841ng&quot;. Ph&#7843i si&ecirc;ng n&#259ng: si&ecirc;ng nghe, si&ecirc;ng th&#7845y, si&ecirc;ng &#273i, si&ecirc;ng ngh&#297, si&ecirc;ng n&oacute;i, si&ecirc;ng l&agrave;m&rdquo;. (B&aacute;o C&#7913u qu&#7889c, s&#7889 8, ng&agrave;y 4.10.1945)</span></span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="font-size: small;"><br /> Nh&#432 th&#7871, theo l&#7901i B&aacute;c d&#7841y, n&#259ng l&#7921c l&#7855ng nghe, phong c&aacute;ch l&atilde;nh &#273&#7841o c&#7847u th&#7883 r&#7845t c&#7847n &#273&#7889i v&#7899i ng&#432&#7901i c&aacute;n b&#7897, &#273&#7843ng vi&ecirc;n. M&#7899i &#273&acirc;y, ti&#7871p x&uacute;c v&#7899i c&#7917 tri qu&#7853n 3 - TPHCM, Ch&#7911 t&#7883ch n&#432&#7899c Tr&#432&#417ng T&#7845n Sang &#273&atilde; n&oacute;i l&agrave; ng&#432&#7901i d&acirc;n v&agrave; Nh&agrave; n&#432&#7899c r&#7845t c&#7847n &ldquo;trao &#273&#7893i&rdquo; qua l&#7841i v&#7899i nhau &#273&#7875 s&aacute;ng r&otilde; nh&#7919ng v&#7845n &#273&#7873 c&ograve;n t&#7891n t&#7841i, b&#7913c x&uacute;c v&agrave; c&oacute; m&#7897t ch&acirc;n l&yacute;.</span></span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="font-size: small;"><br /> Chu&#777 ti&#803ch n&#432&#417&#769c &#273&atilde; v&acirc;&#803n &#273&ocirc;&#803ng ng&#432&#7901i d&acirc;n r&#7857ng: Khi c&oacute; d&#7883p n&oacute;i th&igrave; h&atilde;y n&oacute;i m&#7897t c&aacute;ch trung th&#7921c, n&oacute;i r&#7845t th&#7859ng, d&ugrave; l&#7901i th&#7853t m&#7845t l&ograve;ng. Bi&#7871t m&agrave; kh&ocirc;ng n&oacute;i l&agrave; c&oacute; l&#7895i r&#7845t l&#7899n, n&#7871u l&agrave; d&acirc;n th&igrave; c&oacute; l&#7895i v&#7899i &#273&#7845t n&#432&#7899c, &#273&#7843ng vi&ecirc;n th&igrave; c&oacute; l&#7895i v&#7899i n&#432&#7899c, v&#7899i &#272&#7843ng. N&#7871u t&#7845t c&#7843 ch&uacute;ng ta s&#7907 m&agrave; kh&ocirc;ng d&aacute;m n&oacute;i th&igrave; &#273&#7845t n&#432&#7899c s&#7869 nh&#432 th&#7871 n&agrave;o, &#272&#7843ng s&#7869 ra sao?</span></span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="font-size: small;"><br /> Do v&#7853y, l&agrave;m l&atilde;nh &#273&#7841o c&#7847n ph&#7843i bi&#7871t l&#7855ng nghe nh&#7919ng l&#7901i n&oacute;i th&#7859ng, n&oacute;i th&#7853t, l&#7901i khuy&ecirc;n can ch&acirc;n th&agrave;nh v&agrave; x&acirc;y d&#7921ng c&#7911a nh&acirc;n d&acirc;n.</span></span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="font-size: small;"><br /> T&#7841i k&#7923 h&#7885p th&#7913 3, QH kh&oacute;a XIII, &#273&#7841i bi&#7875u D&#432&#417ng Trung Qu&#7889c &#273&atilde; ph&aacute;t bi&#7875u: &ldquo;Nh&igrave;n l&#7841i m&#7897t ch&#7863ng &#273&#432&#7901ng d&agrave;i, th&#7901i gian d&agrave;i h&#417n m&#7895i k&#7923 h&#7885p, ch&uacute;ng ta s&#7869 th&#7845y c&oacute; r&#7845t nhi&#7873u v&#7845n &#273&#7873 &#273&atilde; &#273&#432&#7907c c&#7843nh b&aacute;o &#273&#7871n t&#7915 ph&aacute;t bi&#7875u c&#7911a c&aacute;c nh&agrave; khoa h&#7885c hay nh&#7919ng nh&agrave; ho&#7841t &#273&#7897ng x&atilde; h&#7897i, trong &#273&oacute; c&oacute; nh&#7919ng &#273&#7841i bi&#7875u Qu&#7889c h&#7897i; t&#7915 r&#7845t nhi&#7873u cu&#7897c h&#7897i th&#7843o v&#7873 c&aacute;c &#273&#7873 t&agrave;i nghi&ecirc;n c&#7913u v.v&hellip; m&agrave; Ch&iacute;nh ph&#7911 ch&#7853m ti&#7871p thu &#273&#7875 r&#7891i th&#7921c ti&#7877n ch&#7913ng minh nh&#7919ng l&#7901i c&#7843nh b&aacute;o &#273&oacute; &#273&atilde; tr&#7903 th&agrave;nh hi&#7879n th&#7921c. N&#259ng l&#7921c l&#7855ng nghe b&#7883 h&#7841n ch&#7871, ph&#7843i ch&#259ng do Ch&iacute;nh ph&#7911 ch&#432a tin v&agrave;o d&acirc;n, v&agrave;o nh&#7919ng ng&#432&#7901i kh&ocirc;ng n&#7857m trong b&#7897 m&aacute;y t&#432 v&#7845n g&#7847n g&#361i c&#7911a Ch&iacute;nh ph&#7911 li&#7879u c&oacute; ph&#7843i l&agrave; l&#7907i &iacute;ch nh&oacute;m hay kh&ocirc;ng?&rdquo;.</span></span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="font-size: small;"><br /> Trong th&#7921c t&#7871 hi&#7879n nay, t&#7889 ch&#7845t &ldquo;n&#259ng l&#7921c l&#7855ng nghe&rdquo; m&agrave; &ocirc;ng D&#432&#417ng Trung Qu&#7889c n&ecirc;u ra l&agrave; &#273i&#7875m y&#7871u ch&iacute; t&#7917 c&#7911a &#273&#7897i ng&#361 c&aacute;n b&#7897 l&atilde;nh &#273&#7841o c&aacute;c c&#7845p &#7903 n&#432&#7899c ta. &#7902 c&#432&#417ng v&#7883 l&atilde;nh &#273&#7841o nh&#432ng v&#7899i nh&#7919ng ng&#432&#7901i &ldquo;thi&#7875u n&#259ng&rdquo; v&#7873 nghe v&agrave; ghi nh&#7853n &yacute; ki&#7871n ng&#432&#7901i kh&aacute;c h&#7847u nh&#432 h&#7885 kh&ocirc;ng l&agrave;m g&igrave; c&#7843, ho&#7863c n&#7871u c&oacute; th&igrave; ch&#7881 l&agrave;m theo &yacute; m&igrave;nh, theo ch&#7911 &#273&iacute;ch, ch&#7911 ki&#7871n c&#7911a m&igrave;nh, kh&ocirc;ng c&#7847n nghe ai. Nh&#432 v&#7853y &#273&atilde; l&agrave; k&igrave;m h&atilde;m s&#7921 ph&aacute;t tri&#7875n m&#7885i m&#7863t c&#7911a n&#7873n kinh t&#7871-x&atilde; h&#7897i.<br /> Nghe m&agrave; kh&ocirc;ng l&agrave;m c&agrave;ng nguy</span></span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="font-size: small;"><br /> Nghe m&agrave; kh&ocirc;ng l&agrave;m c&agrave;ng nguy h&#417n. &#272&oacute; l&agrave; bi&#7875u hi&#7879n c&#7911a &oacute;c b&#7843o th&#7911, s&#7921 tr&igrave; tr&#7879, s&#7889ng theo ki&#7875u an ph&#7853n th&#7911 th&#432&#7901ng, C&aacute;i ki&#7875u s&#7889ng co l&#7841i ch&#7881 bi&#7871t c&oacute; b&#7843n th&acirc;n, &ldquo;s&#7889ng ch&#7871t m&#7863c bay&rdquo;, &ldquo;m&#361 ni che tai, &#273&egrave;n ai n&#7845y r&#7841ng&rdquo;. Ch&#7911 ngh&#297a c&aacute; nh&acirc;n n&#7857m &#7903 ngay trong l&#7889i s&#7889ng, t&aacute;c phong &#7845y.</span></span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="font-size: small;"><br /> Trong xu th&#7871 c&#7841nh tranh to&agrave;n c&#7847u ng&agrave;y c&agrave;ng gay g&#7855t, quy&#7871t li&#7879t c&#7911a n&#7873n kinh t&#7871 th&#7883 tr&#432&#7901ng, ng&#432&#7901i l&atilde;nh &#273&#7841o thi&#7871u n&#259ng l&#7921c l&#7855ng nghe, k&eacute;m n&#259ng l&#7921c h&agrave;nh &#273&#7897ng l&agrave; tai &#432&#417ng v&agrave; h&#7853u h&#7885a cho n&#7873n kinh t&#7871-x&atilde; h&#7897i. H&#7885 l&agrave; nh&#7919ng ng&#432&#7901i quen v&#7899i l&#7889i s&#7889ng v&agrave; l&agrave;m vi&#7879c ch&#7911 quan, kh&ocirc;ng c&#7847n nghe ai, c&aacute; nh&acirc;n v&#7883 k&#7927, nghe nh&#432ng kh&ocirc;ng l&agrave;m.</span></span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="font-size: small;"><br /> &#272&oacute; l&agrave;: &#273&#7847u &oacute;c c&#7889 h&#7919u, b&#7843o th&#7911, tr&igrave; tr&#7879, kh&ocirc;ng ch&#7883u &#273&#7893i m&#7899i; ch&#7911 quan, t&#7921 m&atilde;n, cho m&igrave;nh l&agrave; nh&#7845t, kh&ocirc;ng c&#7847n nghe ai; tr&igrave;nh &#273&#7897 n&#259ng l&#7921c k&eacute;m, nghe &#273&#7845y, bi&#7871t &#273&#7845y nh&#432ng kh&ocirc;ng l&agrave;m; nghe v&agrave; c&#361ng ngh&#297 c&aacute;ch l&agrave;m nh&#432ng do n&#259ng l&#7921c l&atilde;nh &#273&#7841o, &#273i&#7873u h&agrave;nh, qu&#7843n l&yacute; k&eacute;m, sinh ra l&agrave;m tr&#7853t, l&agrave;m sai, kh&ocirc;ng hi&#7879u qu&#7843; kh&ocirc;ng nghe, kh&ocirc;ng l&agrave;m theo l&#7901i khuy&ecirc;n can, b&#7887 qua l&#7901i g&oacute;p &yacute; v&igrave; nh&#7919ng l&#7901i &#273&oacute; ng&#432&#7907c l&#7841i v&#7899i ch&#7911 &#273&iacute;ch l&#7907i &iacute;ch c&aacute; nh&acirc;n v&agrave; nh&oacute;m l&#7907i &iacute;ch, ch&#7881 bi&#7871t c&oacute; ti&#7873n, th&#7853m ch&iacute; kh&ocirc;ng ph&acirc;n bi&#7879t &#273&#432&#7907c th&#7871 n&agrave;o l&agrave; &#273&#7891ng ti&#7873n l&#432&#417ng thi&#7879n; nghe nh&#432ng kh&ocirc;ng l&agrave;m, c&ograve;n cho &#273&oacute; l&agrave; s&#417 h&#7903, t&igrave;m m&#7885i c&aacute;ch &#273&#7889i ph&oacute;, th&#7853m ch&iacute; ph&#7843n &#7913ng ng&#7847m, tr&#7843 th&ugrave;; bi&#7871t r&#7891i, nh&#432ng do l&#7889i s&#7889ng, t&aacute;c phong quan li&ecirc;u, tr&igrave; tr&#7879, thi&#7871u n&#259ng &#273&#7897ng cu&#7889i c&ugrave;ng ph&#7843i b&#7887 qua, l&agrave;m m&#7845t th&#7901i c&#417 v&agrave; h&#7871t &#273i&#7873u ki&#7879n th&#7921c hi&#7879n.</span></span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="font-size: small;"><br /> Ri&ecirc;ng trong n&#259ng l&#7921c l&#7855ng nghe &#273&atilde; th&#7875 hi&#7879n c&#7843 t&#432 duy v&agrave; h&agrave;nh &#273&#7897ng c&#7911a ng&#432&#7901i l&atilde;nh &#273&#7841o. T&#432 duy th&#432&#7901ng &#273i k&egrave;m &#273&#7897ng c&#417, suy ngh&#297 sao l&agrave;m c&aacute;ch v&#7853y; h&agrave;nh &#273&#7897ng n&agrave;o th&igrave; bi&#7875u hi&#7879n r&otilde; &yacute; &#273&#7891, m&#7909c &#273&iacute;ch &#7845y.</span></span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="font-size: small;"><br /> N&#7871u h&agrave;nh &#273&#7897ng v&igrave; d&acirc;n, v&igrave; n&#432&#7899c, v&igrave; s&#7921 ph&aacute;t tri&#7875n chung th&igrave; h&agrave;nh &#273&#7897ng c&#361ng v&igrave; s&#7921 nghi&#7879p chung. N&#7871u &#273&#7897ng c&#417 ch&#7881 ch&#7841y theo l&#7907i nhu&#7853n, ti&#7873n, v&agrave;ng, c&#7911a c&#7843i cho c&aacute; nh&acirc;n, gia &#273&igrave;nh, h&ugrave;n h&#7841p cho nh&oacute;m l&#7907i &iacute;ch th&igrave; h&agrave;nh &#273&#7897ng theo chi&#7873u h&#432&#7899ng t&igrave;m m&#7885i th&#7911 &#273o&#7841n gian d&#7889i, b&aacute;o c&aacute;o l&aacute;o, gi&#7845u ti&#7873n, gi&#7845u t&agrave;i s&#7843n &#273&#7875 d&#7877 d&agrave;ng &#273&#7841t m&#7909c &#273&iacute;ch v&#7909 l&#7907i.</span></span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="font-size: small;"><br /> &Yacute; ki&#7871n c&#7917 tri, nh&#7919ng b&aacute;o c&aacute;o, th&#432 ri&ecirc;ng g&oacute;p &yacute;, nh&#7919ng &#273&#7873 xu&#7845t c&aacute;ch l&agrave;m, tham m&#432u bi&#7879n ph&aacute;p c&#7911a c&aacute;c nh&agrave; khoa h&#7885c, c&aacute;c c&#417 quan tham m&#432u gi&uacute;p vi&#7879c, s&#7921 t&aacute;c &#273&#7897ng c&#7911a d&#7921 lu&#7853n v&agrave; b&aacute;o ch&iacute; &ndash; t&#7845t c&#7843 nh&#7919ng &#273i&#7873u ki&#7879n &#273&oacute; &#273&#7873u b&#7883 tr&ocirc;i tu&#7897t, do ng&#432&#7901i l&atilde;nh &#273&#7841o kh&ocirc;ng c&#7847n &#273&#7871n, do kh&ocirc;ng ch&#7883u &ldquo;si&ecirc;ng nghe&rdquo; nh&#432 B&aacute;c H&#7891 d&#7841y, ho&#7863c thi&#7871u h&#7859n n&#259ng l&#7921c l&#7855ng nghe.</span></span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="font-size: small;"><br /> &#272i&#7873u &#273&aacute;ng lo l&agrave; &ldquo;d&#7883 &#7913ng&rdquo; tr&#432&#7899c nh&#7919ng &yacute; ki&#7871n ph&#7843n bi&#7879n c&oacute; c&#417 s&#7903 th&#7921c t&#7871 v&agrave; khoa h&#7885c, nh&#7919ng &yacute; ki&#7871n &#273&uacute;ng c&oacute; l&yacute; c&oacute; t&igrave;nh ch&iacute;nh l&agrave; &ldquo;t&#7921 l&#7841c h&#7853u h&oacute;a&rdquo;, t&#7921 k&igrave;m ch&acirc;n, t&#7921 &#273&aacute;nh m&#7845t uy t&iacute;n.</span></span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="font-size: small;"><br /> </span><strong><span style="font-size: small;">C&ograve;n nhi&#7873u &#273i&#7873u c&#7847n &#273&#432&#7907c l&#7855ng nghe</span></strong></span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="font-size: small;"><br /> &#272&atilde; c&oacute; nhi&#7873u hi&#7879n t&#432&#7907ng b&aacute;o tr&#432&#7899c v&#7873 tham nh&#361ng, v&#7873 s&#7921 qu&#7843n l&yacute; t&agrave;i nguy&ecirc;n, t&agrave;i ch&iacute;nh, t&agrave;i s&#7843n nh&agrave; n&#432&#7899c kh&ocirc;ng ch&#7863t ch&#7869, ti&#7873m t&agrave;ng nhi&#7873u nguy c&#417 m&#7845t an to&agrave;n. Th&#7871 nh&#432ng, nh&#7919ng t&iacute;n hi&#7879u c&#7843nh b&aacute;o &#273a ph&#7847n &#273&#7873u nh&#432 ti&#7871ng d&#7871 k&ecirc;u gi&#7919a tr&#7901i.</span></span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="font-size: small;"><br /> &#7902 nhi&#7873u quy ho&#7841ch, d&#7921 &aacute;n, c&ocirc;ng tr&igrave;nh &#273&atilde; c&oacute; bi&#7871t bao &yacute; ki&#7871n to&agrave;n &#272&#7843ng, to&agrave;n d&acirc;n &#273&oacute;ng g&oacute;p, v&#7899i &yacute; th&#7913c x&acirc;y d&#7921ng v&igrave; l&#7907i &iacute;ch chung, v&igrave; s&#7921 b&#7873n v&#7919ng l&acirc;u d&agrave;i cho &#273&#7845t n&#432&#7899c, nh&#432ng &#273&#7873u b&#7883 g&#7841t &#273i.</span></span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="font-size: small;"><br /> V&#7845n &#273&#7873 ch&#7911 quy&#7873n bi&#7875n-&#273&#7843o, v&#7845n &#273&#7873 cho ng&#432&#7901i n&#432&#7899c ngo&agrave;i v&agrave;o thu&ecirc; bi&#7875n, thu&ecirc; &#273&#7845t r&#7915ng l&agrave;m &#259n, khai th&aacute;c t&agrave;i nguy&ecirc;n, v&#7845n &#273&#7873 qu&#7843n l&yacute; t&agrave;i ch&iacute;nh-ti&#7873n t&#7879, v&#7845n n&#7841n l&#7841m ph&aacute;t v&agrave; an sinh x&atilde; h&#7897i c&#361ng &#273ang &#273&#7863t hi&#7879n tr&#7841ng &#273&#7845t n&#432&#7899c trong kh&#7889n kh&oacute; v&agrave; nhi&#7873u nguy c&#417 b&#7845t &#7893n.<br /> R&#7891i nh&#7919ng c&#7843nh b&aacute;o v&#7873 h&#7853u h&#7885a c&#7911a nh&#7919ng bi&#7879n ph&aacute;p m&#7845t c&#7843nh gi&aacute;c v&#7899i k&#7867 th&ugrave;, v&agrave; c&ograve;n nhi&#7873u v&#7845n &#273&#7873 &#273ang &#273&#432&#7907c th&#7843o lu&#7853n, ch&#7855c c&#361ng &#273&atilde; &#273&#432&#7907c nghe nh&#432ng nghe r&#7891i c&oacute; nghi&ecirc;n c&#7913u, c&oacute; ch&#7883u s&#7917a hay kh&ocirc;ng?</span></span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="font-size: small;"><br /> C&aacute;n b&#7897 l&atilde;nh &#273&#7841o bi&#7871t t&ocirc;n tr&#7885ng &yacute; ki&#7871n d&acirc;n ch&#7911, c&oacute; n&#259ng l&#7921c l&#7855ng nghe, d&aacute;m ngh&#297, d&aacute;m l&agrave;m, d&aacute;m ch&#7883u tr&aacute;ch nhi&#7879m, h&#7871t l&ograve;ng t&#7853n t&#7909y tr&#432&#7899c nhi&#7879m v&#7909 v&igrave; &ldquo;qu&#7889c k&#7871 d&acirc;n sinh&rdquo;, v&igrave; d&acirc;n ch&#7911, c&ocirc;ng b&#7857ng, v&#259n minh l&agrave; ni&#7873m mong &#273&#7907i v&agrave; tin c&#7853y c&#7911a nh&acirc;n d&acirc;n.</span></span></div> <div style="text-align: right;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="font-size: small;"><br /> <strong>Theo &#272&#7841i t&aacute; B&Ugrave;I V&#258N B&#7890NG</strong><em><br /> (Website &#272&#7843ng b&#7897 TPHCM)</em><br /> <br /> <br /> </span></span></div> </html>

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